MIR Manned Orbital Station was a multi-purpose International
Center that for nearly 15 years was a world-unique space
laboratory intended to check and validate the major utilization
areas for future manned space stations and complexes ensuring
an access of mankind to the wealth and mysteries of the
International research programs were implemented on the
Station since 1987. Astronauts from France, Syria, Afghanistan,
Bulgaria, Japan, Great Britain, Germany, Kazakhstan, Austria,
USA, Canada and country-members of the European Space Agency
took part in the implementation of these programs directly
aboard the Station.
Since 1995 through 1998 joint Russian-US activities under
the MIR/Shuttle, MIR NASA program were conducted on the
The US, German, French, Austrian, Netherlandish, ESA and
Russian research equipment was available aboard the Station.