The main results of the research conducted on the MIR Station in various areas encompass:


  • More than 6700 experiment sessions were conducted on the Station
  • Unique technology for on-orbit assembly and deployment of the truss and film large structures was tested
  • Methods and equipment for conducting repair and refurbishment activities were tested to extend the Station and hardware service life
  • Stable ordered crystal structures formed by metal particles in direct current discharge plasma in microgravity conditions were obtained
  • Processes of generation, collection and motion of monodisperse drops were investigated on a drip refrigerator-radiator model to validate the possibility of producing high-effective power facilities.

Materials Science and Space Technology

  • More than 2450 experiment sessions were conducted
  • Basic production processes for semiconductor materials were tested, prototypes were produced which are superior to the ground analogs in physical characteristics
  • A 5-to-10 times increase of the yield of effective devices made of the produced materials was confirmed
  • Characteristics of selected materials for a long duration operation of the Station were verified.

Life Science

  • The medical support system was developed for up to 1.5-year flights
  • The procedure for selecting and training specialists for operations in extreme conditions was developed
  • A number of systems and methods was implemented into the general-medical practice.


  • More that 130 experiment sessions were conducted
  • A capability of conducting fine purification and splitting of protein bioproducts at an output rate hundreds of times higher than that on the ground was demonstrated
  • New knowledge about cells, proteins and viruses was acquired.

Earth Resources Sensing and Ecological Monitoring„

  • Photo imagery of 125 Mkm2 of the Earth surface in various spectrum areas was conducted
  • Hardware systems of real-time measurements and data downlink were tested (more than 400 sessions were conducted)
  • A data bank of photo, video, spectrometry and radiometry information was created.


  • About 6200 experiment sessions were performed
  • A unique observation was conducted, and a hard X-radiation of Supernova 1987A was detected
  • X-ray sources named Kvant Source were opened and investigated in detail
  • The center of Galaxy was investigated in detail.

International Cooperation

  • 7600 experiment sessions were performed in the area of life science, biology, technology, engineering, biotechnology
  • 27 International missions were accomplished, 21 of these missions were performed on a commercial basis
  • Representatives from 12 countries and organizations from the USA, Germany, England, France, Japan, Austria, Bulgaria, Syria, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Slovakia, ESA worked on the Station.







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