October 14, 2004. Baikonur Cosmodrome.
A Russian manned transportation spacecraft Soyuz TMA-5
developed and manufactured at the S.P. Korolev Rocket and
Space Corporation Energia was launched to the International
Space Station (ISS), in low-Earth orbit since November 1998.
The launch of the Soyuz-FG launch vehicle carrying the Soyuz
TMA-5 spacecraft took place at 7:06:28 Moscow Daylight Saving
The purpose of the launch is the delivery to the ISS of
the crew of Expedition Ten (ISS-10), the scheduled rotation
of the Expedition Nine crew (ISS-9) and replacement of Soyuz
TMA-4, which has been providing assured crew return functionality
as a part of the space station since April 21, 2004.
Soyuz TMA-5 is carrying a crew consisting of Russian cosmonauts
Salizhan Sharipov (commander of the spacecraft, flight engineer
of ISS-10, colonel in the Russian Air Force) and Yuri Shargin
(flight engineer 2 of the spacecraft, lieutenant colonel
in the Russian Air Force), as well as a NASA astronaut Leroy
Chiao (flight engineer 1 of the spacecraft, commander of
The task of the ISS-10 crew is to maintain the functioning
of ISS for 196 days, to conduct scientific research under
the programs of the Expedition and the seventh taxi mission
and under commercial contracts, and to perform two space
walks. The crew is also to conduct undocking operations
for Soyuz TMA-4, Progress M-50, docking/undocking of Soyuz
TMA-5 and US Space Shuttle Orbiters when they resume their
missions to ISS, docking, unloading, and attached phase
operations with Progress logistics vehicles, Soyuz TMA-6
docking. Yuri Shargin is to work on-board the station under
the program of the seventh taxi mission for nine days and
return to Earth together with the ISS-9 crew in Soyuz TMA-4.
ISS flight in man-tended mode is supported by Russian manned
spacecraft of the Soyuz TMA type and unmanned logistics
spacecraft of the Progress type.
Under the ISS program this mission is designated as 9S.
The spacecraft was put into a low-Earth orbit with the following
parameters: 51.67° inclination, 204.0 km minimum altitude,
238.1 km maximum altitude, 88.6 min orbital period.
The crew of expedition ISS-9 - a Russian cosmonaut Gennady
Padalka (commander) and an American NASA astronaut Michael
Fincke (flight engineer) - have completed all the activities
needed to prepare the space station for the docking.
The spacecraft docking is scheduled for October 16, 2004.
The estimated time of initial contact with the port on the
ISS docking module Pirs is about 8:17.
The pre-launch processing of the integrated launch vehicle
Soyuz-FG/Soyuz TMA-5 was supervised by the Technical Management
(The Technicla Manager is Designer General of S.P.Korolev
RSC Energia, a full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences
The decision to launch was made by the State Commission
(Co-chairmen are deputy director of Roskosmos Moiseev N.F.
and deputy director general of the Central Research Institute
of Machine-building Grin V.A.) based on the findings of
the Technical Management about the readiness of the vehicle
and the ground infrastructure elements involved in the ISS
Participating in the launch were Director of Roskosmos A.N.
Perminov, Commander of the Russian Space Forces V.A. Popovkin,
an adviser to the president A.G. Burutin, NASA Deputy Administrator
Frederick D. Gregory, representatives of Roskosmos, NASA.
The pre-launch processing and launch were observed by deputies
of the State Duma of the RF Federal Assembly, representatives
of foreign space agencies, representatives of Russian business
circles, as well as leading Russian and foreign news agencies
and TV companies.
The flight of the spacecraft is controlled by the Lead Operations
Control Team located at the Mission Control Center near
Moscow and working in cooperation with specialists of the
US Mission Control Center (Houston).