July 26, 2000. Korolev, Moscow Region.
Early this Moscow morning
on the 14th day after the launch the Zvezda Service Module
has successfully docked with Zarya-Unity Modules. Docking
to SM was performed from its transfer compartment to the
axial port. SM docking unit contact took place 04.45 Moscow
daylight saving time when flying over Russian Federation
territory in the radio visibility zone of Russian ground
The Service Module is a key element
of ISS, developed by a broad cooperation of Russian and
foreign enterprises with S.P. Korolev RSC Energia playing
the leading part.
After docking the ~ 52.5 t heavy
International Space Station (ISS) composed of three modules
is flying on the near-earth orbit of a 51.6° inclination,
a 380.0 km maximum altitude and a 351.6 km minimum altitude.
During the autonomous flight
of the Service Module one performed operations on deployment
of its external structural elements, on construction of
initial attitude, carried out corrections of the onboard
inertial navigation system and a two-burn reboost test,
afterwards the necessary two- and single-burn maneuvers
were implemented. During the flight one also performed onboard
equipment tests (computer, communication, guidance, navigation
&control (GNC), rendezvous, TV systems), checked the functioning
of onboard systems by telemetry data, started storage battery
cycling, checked solar array efficiency, carried out a docking
Within next weeks of docking
one will perform operations on Zvezda-to-Zarya interface
leak check, testing of systems, merging and testing of computer
systems of ISS modules, a Kurs rendezvous equipment test
on the Service module from its service compartment to support
preparation of Progress M1 transport cargo vehicle docking
with ISS - Progress M1 launch is planned for August 6, 2000.
Besides, this year it is proposed to perform two launches
of American Shuttle spacecraft with their docking to ISS,
launches of the next Russian Progress M1 cargo vehicle and
a Soyuz TM manned transport spacecraft with the first ISS
host crew consisting of two Russian cosmonauts V. Gidzenko
and S. Krikalev and American astronaut W. Shepherd who have
a lot of space flight experience.
ISS flight control is performed
by S.P. Korolev RSC Energia specialists together with specialists
from M.V. Khrunichev GKNPTs and other enterprises and organizations
within the scope of the Main Operational Control Group (GOGU)
from the Mission Control Center-Moscow (MCC-M) residing
in Korolev near Moscow. Flight Director is pilot-cosmonaut
V.A. Soloviev. ISS flight control is performed in cooperation
with specialists from the U.S. Mission Control Center-Houston.
In MCC-M during performance of
the most critical operations of Zvezda Module rendezvous
and docking with the Zarya-Unity stack were present: Russia's
Manned Program Technical Director - RAS Academician Yu.P.
Semenov, S.P. Korolev RSC Designer General, Yu.N Koptev,
Rosaviacosmos Director General, A.I. Kiselev, Khrunichev
GKNPTs Director General, RAS Academician N.A. Anfimov, TsNII
of Machine-Building Director, Intergovernmental Commission
members, representatives from Rosaviacosmos and NASA, space
agencies of other ISS Partners, managers and specialists
from S.P. Korolev RSC Energia, as well as from many Russian
and foreign enterprises and organizations being involved
in development of Zvezda Service Module systems.
After receiving telemetry information
about docking completion, at MCC-M a briefing for Russian
and foreign mass-media representatives was held.
During the briefing one addressed
words of congratulations to S.P. Korolev RSC Energia and
cooperating agencies for the Zvezda Module, expressed hope
that Russia's Government would supply in a short time money
foreseen for Russian enterprises to perform work on the
ISS program. Without this money it is impossible to provide
a timely manufacturing of Soyuz TM / Progress M1 spacecraft
and next Russian modules for further implementation of the
ISS deployment program in the year 2001.
The Service Module has been docked
with the Zarya-Unity Orbital Complex.