Peggy Annette WHITSON
Flight Engineer of the Soyuz-TMA TSC
NASA Astronaut, USA
DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH: February 9, 1960, Mt. Ayr,
Iowa, but considers Beaconsfield his hometown, Iowa.
EDUCATION: In 1981 received a bachelor of science degree
in biology/chemistry from Iowa Wesleyan College and in
1985 she received a doctorate in biochemistry from Rice
University, Houston, Texas.
FAMILY STATUS: Married.
Husband - Clarence F. Sams, Ph. D.
AWARDS AND RANKS: NASA Space Flight Medal (2002), Award
for working in a team for the Mir-Shuttle Program (1996);
American Astronautical Society Randol Ph Lovelace II Award
(1995), NASA Space Act Board Award (1995, 1998); NASA Silver
Snoopy Award (1995); NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1995,
2003); NASA Certificate of Commendation (1994); NASA Sustained
Superior Performance Award (1990); Krug Inernational Merit
Award (1989). NASA – JSC National Research Council Resident
Research Associate (1986-1988); Robert A.Welch Predoctoral
Fellowship (1982-1985), Summa Cum Laude from Iowa Wesleyan
College (1981); President’s Honor Roll (1978-81); Orange
van Calhoun Scholarship (1980); State of Iowa Scholar (1979);
Academic Excellence Award (1978).
HOBBY: Weight lifting, biking, basketball and water skiing.
WORK EXPERIENCE: From 1981 to 1985 she conducted her graduate
work in biochemistry at Rice University, Houston, Texas.
Following completion of her graduate work she continued
at Rice University till October 1986. Then she began her
studies at NASA Johnson Space Center as a National Research
Council Resident Research Associate. In 1988-1989 Whitson
served as the Supervisor for the Biochemistry Research
Group at KRUG International, a medical sciences contractor
In 1989-1993 P.Whitson was already NASA staff member and
worked as a Research Biochemist in the Biomedical Operations
and Research Branch at NASA-JSC.
From April, 1988 to September, 1989, she headed research
team in biochemistry in the KRUG company, subcontractor
In 1991-1993 she served as Technical Monitor of the Biochemistry
Research Laboratories in the Biomedical Operations and
In 1991-1992 she was the Payload Element Developer for
Bone Cell Research Experiment (E 10) aboard SL-J (STS-47),
and was a member of the US-USSR Joint Working Group in
Space Medicine and Biology.
In 1992 she was assigned as the Project Scientist of the
Mir-Shuttle Program (STS-60, STS-63, STS-71, Mir 18, Mir
19) and served in this capacity until the conclusion of
the Phase 1A Program in 1995.
In 1993-1996 she held the additional responsibilities of
the Deputy Division Chief of the Medical Sciences Division
In 1995-1996 she served as Co-Chair of the U.S.- Russian
Mission Science Working Group. Concurrently in 1991-1997
she was an Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department
of Internal Medicine and Department of Human Biological
Chemistry and Genetics at University of Texas Medical Branch,
Galveston, Texas. In 1997 she was an Adjunct Assistant
Professor at Rice University in the Maybee Laboratory for
Biochemical and Genetic Engineering.
In April 1996 she was selected as NASA astronaut candidate.
In 1996-1998 she passed a course of general space training
and was qualified as a flight specialist. Then she performed
technical duties in NASA Astronaut Office Operations Planning
Branch. In 1998-1999 she also served as the lead for the
Crew Test Support Team in Russia.
In July 1999 she was assigned to the backup ISS-3 crew
and ISS-5 prime crew.
In September 2000 – July 2001 Whitson passed training within
ISS-3 backup crew together with V. Korzun and S. Treschev.
On June 5 – December 7, 2002 Whitson performed her first
space flight under Expedition-5 (ISS-5) Program as Flight Engineer-1
and Scientist of the International Space Station, Flight Engineer-2
of the Soyuz TM/TMA transport spacecraft, flight specialist
of the Endeavour Orbiter (STS-11) (STS-111) during the
flight to the ISS and STS-113 flight specialist during
the return. During the flight the ISS-5 crew received two
shuttles under STS-112 and STS-113 programs, which delivered
the S1 and P1/truss truss segments, received and unloaded
the Progress M46 and Progress M1-9 cargo vehicles, received
the Russian Visiting Crew-4 onboard the Soyuz TMA-1 spacecraft.
The scientific research under the Russian and U.S. programs
were continued. The Station was handed over to the Expedition
– 6 crew. During the flight P. Whitson performed one
EVA of the duration of 4 hr 23 min. The flight duration
was 184 days 22 hr 14 min.
From November 2003 to March 2005 she was Deputy Chief of
NASA Astronaut Office. From May 2005 to November 2005 she
served as Chief of the Station Operations Branch, Astronaut
She passed training within the ISS-14 backup crew as the ISS Commander.
Whitson is currently training for a space flight as the ISS-16 prime crew
Commander and the Soyuz TMA TSC flight engineer.
Based on materials from Lindon B. Johnson Space Center,