Alexander Yurievich KALERI
Soyuz-TM crew Commander,
S.P. Korolev RSC Energia, Russia
DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH: May 13, 1956, Yurmala, Latvian
Farther - Kaleri, Yuri Borisovich, b. 1917-1993.
Mother - Kaleri (Arefieva), Antonina Petrovna, b. 1917.
EDUCATION: In 1979, graduated from Moscow Physics and Technology
Institute (MFTI), Dolgoprudny, Moscow region, as a specialist
in Aircraft Flight Dynamics and Control and in 1983 - post-graduate
study at MFTI as a specialist in the following field: Mechanics
of Fluids and Plasma.
MARITAL STATUS: married.
Wife: Kaleri (Nosova), Svetlana Leonidovna, b. 1958
Son: Oleg Aleksandrovich Kaleri, born in 1996.
AWARDS AND TITLES: Hero of Russian Federation, Pilot-Cosmonaut
of Russian Federation. He was awarded the medal of the Gold
Star of the Hero of Russian Federation, orders of Distinguished
Service to Motherland of the 2nd and 3rd degrees, as well
as Space Flight and Public Service medals from NASA. Holds
the order of the Legion of Honor (France, 1997).
HOBBY: : trampolining, jogging, book reading, growing flowers.
Worked as an engineer at S.P.Korolev RSC Energia Design
Bureau since 1979. Participated in development of design
and engineering documentation, full-scale tests of the Mir
Orbital Station. Studied loads. A very skillful programmer.
In 1984 he was enlisted in the NPO Energia cosmonaut corps.
During a period from November 1985 through October 1986
took a course of basic cosmonaut training at Gagarin Cosmonaut
On November 28, 1986, by a decision of Interdepartmental
Qualification Commission, he was given the qualification
of Test Cosmonaut. His flight time is 22 hours by trainer
aircraft L-39. He made 14 parachute jumps.
In 1987-1992 he was trained in a team under Mir mission
In April-May 1987 he was trained as a flight engineer of
the third (backup) crew of Soyuz TM-4 under the program
of the expedition crew (EC-3) to the Mir Orbital Station,
together with V. Lyakhov.
In May 1987 he replaced S. Yemelianov within the backup
crew of Soyuz TM-4, and from May to December 1987 he was
trained as a flight engineer in the backup crew together
with A. Volkov and A. Shchukin.
On December 21, 1987 he was a backup for flight engineer
of Soyuz TM-4 M. Manarov.
In January-March 1988 he was trained as a flight engineer
of Soyuz TM-7 under the program of EC-4/"Aragats"
to Mir, together with A. Volkov and J.-L. Cretien (France).
In May-November 1990 he was trained as a flight engineer
of a backup (the third) crew of Soyuz TM-11 under the program
of EC-8 to Mir together with A. Volkov.
In January-April 1991 he was trained as a flight engineer
of the backup crew of Soyuz TM-12 under the program of EC-9/"Juno"
to Mir together with A. Volkov and T. Mace (Great Britain).
On May 18, 1991, he was a backup for the flight engineer
of Soyuz TM-12, S. Krikalev.
In May-July 1991 he trained as a flight engineer of the
prime crew of Soyuz TM-13 under the program of EC-10/"Austromir"
to Mir, together with A. Volkov and F. Feeboeck (Austria).
In October 1991 - February 1992 he was trained as a flight
engineer of the prime crew of Soyuz TM-14 under the program
of EC-11/Mir-92 to Mir, together with A. Victorenko and
C.-D. Flade (Germany).
He flew his first space mission on March 17 - August 10,
1992, as a flight engineer of Soyuz TM-14 and Mir under
the program of EC-11, Russian-German program Mir-92 and
Russian - French program Antares, together with A. Victorenko
and C.-D. Flade (Germany). He returned to Earth together
with A. Victorenko and M. Tognini (France). In the course
of the mission he performed one spacewalk lasting 2 hours
03 minutes. The mission duration was 145 days 14 hr 10 min
October 1995 through July 1996 he trained as a flight engineer
of Soyuz TM-24 backup crew under the program of EC-22/NASA-3
and Russian-French program Cassiopeia to Mir, together with
V. Korzun, L. Eyharts (France), J. Lininger (USA).
On August 12, 1996, in connection with G. Manakov - commander
of the Soyuz TM-24 prime crew - falling ill, by a decision
of the State Commission V. Korzun and A. Kaleri were assigned
to the prime crew of Soyuz TM-24 to replace G. Manakov and
P. Vinogradov, respectively.
He flew his second space mission August 17, 1996 through
March 2, 1997 as a flight engineer of Soyuz TM-24 and Mir
space station under the program of EC-22/NASA-3/and Russian-French
program Cassiopeia, together with V. Korzun, C. Andre-Deshaus.
He worked with the crews of EC-21 and EC-23, as well as
with the crews of two visiting missions of the Atlantis
Orbiter under STS-79 and STS-81programs. He worked under
Mir-Shuttle program together with US astronauts S. Lucid,
J. Blakha, J. Linenger and German cosmonaut R. Evald under
Mir-97 program. During the mission he performed two space
walks with an overall duration of 12 hours 36 minutes. The
mission duration was 196 days 17 hr 26 min 13 s.
December 1997 through July 1998 he was trained as a flight
engineer of the second crew under the program of EC-26 to
Mir, together with S. Zaletin and (since May 6, 1998) with
On August 13, 1998 he was a backup for Soyuz TM-28 flight
engineer S. Avdeev. Over the period of March 1999 through
March 2000 he was training as a flight engineer of the prime
crew (EC-28), together with S. Zaletin and actor V. Steklov
(since January 2000). He flew his third space mission from
April 4 through June 2000 as a flight engineer of Soyuz
TM-30 and Mir under the program of EC-28 together with S.
Zaletin. During the mission he made one space walk lasting
5 hours 03 minutes. The mission duration was 72 days 19
hr 42 min 16 s.
From January 2001 to May 2002 he passed training for a space
mission as a commander of ISS-5 backup crew.
He is currently training for a space mission within ISS-7
backup crew as the commander.
By the data presented by Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center
and reference book The Soviet and Russian Cosmonauts, 1960-2000.