Activities on forming the Russian ISS RS Science Research
and Experiments Program were initiated in 1995 following
the announcement of a competition among scientific establishments,
industrial companies and higher education establishments.
Four hundred and six applications from more than 80 organizations
in eleven major research areas were received.
In 1999 with regard to the technical feasibility study
of the received applications performed by RSC Energia specialists
the Long-Term ISS Russian Segment Science and Applied Research
and Experiments Program was developed and approved by Yu.
N. Koptev, General Director of the Russian Aviation and
Space Agency and, Yu. S. Osipov, President of the Russian
Academy of Sciences.
Beginning with the docking of the Soyuz-TM 31 transport
vehicle carrying the ISS-1 crew (W. Shepperd, expedition
commander, Yu. Gidzenko, pilot, S.Krikalev, flight-engineer)
on November 2, 2000 a manned space station operation and
research and experiments phase has been started.