ISS-66 mission


ISS crew:

Commander -
Tomas Pesquet

Flight engineers:
Petr Dubrov
Mark Vande Hei
Robert Shane Kimbrough
Megan McArthur
Akihiko Hoshide
Anton Shkaplerov



Roscosmos. Cargo spacecraft Progress MS-17 lift off to the ISS

June 30, 2021

Today, on June 30, 2021 at 02:27:20 Moscow time launch vehicle Soyuz-2.1 carrying cargo transportation vehicle Progress MS-17 was successfully launched from Launch Pad No.6 of Area No. 31 (Vostok) of the Baikonur launch site under the International Space Station flight program. In 8 minutes 49 seconds a nominal separation of the spacecraft from the launcher upper stage was recorded, the solar arrays and antennas were deployed.

The launch vehicle Soyuz-2.1 successfully injected the Russian spacecraft into a planned orbit. Specialists from the Lead Operational Control Team for Russian Segment of the International Space Station (S.P.Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia forms part of the State Corporation Roscosmos) proceeded to the flight control.

The parameters of the Progress MS-17 injection orbit:

  • Period of revolution 88.54 min;
  • Orbit inclination 51.67 deg.;
  • Minimum orbit altitude 193.06 km;
  • Maximum orbit altitude 240.87 km.

A free flight of the Progress MS-17 cargo spacecraft to the International Space Station will be carried out using a two-day rendezvous capability, the docking to the Mini-Research Module Poisk of the Russian Segment is scheduled for July 2, 2021 at 04:02 Moscow time. The final approach is planned to be carried out automatically under control of specialists of the TsNIIMash Mission Control Center (forms part of the State Corporation Roscosmos) and Russian ISS-65 Expedition crewmembers, i.e. Roscosmos cosmonauts leg Novitskiy and Petr Dubrov.

The spacecraft will deliver to the ISS 470 kg of resupply propellant, 420 liters of portable water in the Rodnik system tanks and 40 kg of bottled air and oxygen, as well as 1 509 kg of various equipment and materials in the cargo compartment including hardware and maintenance aids for the onboard systems, space experiment kits, medical monitoring and sanitary and hygienic items, articles of clothing, standard food rations and fresh produce for the ISS-65 Expedition crewmembers.

In addition, a set of payloads will be delivered to the station within the implementation of the Russian science and applied research and experiments program:

  • Neurolab kits are intended to conduct a series of medical experiments Pilot-T to study the impact of long-duration space missions on the quality of professional activities of cosmonauts;
  • Materials of experiment Korrektsiya are used to develop effective countermeasures of cosmonaut osseous lesion under zero-gravity conditions;
  • Kits Biorisk and Konstanta-2 serve as a laboratory to study the impact of space flight factors on the state of complex albuminous compounds and survivability of microorganisms;
  • Experiment Probiovit is aimed at development of production technology of pharmaceutical products with immunomodulatory effects under zero-gravity conditions;
  • Hardware UF Atmosphere ensures a detailed mapping of the global structure of genenschein of the earth atmosphere to study meteorological processes and space weather.

The flight of the Progress MS-17 cargo vehicle under the program of the 78th resupply mission to the International Space Station is dedicted to the 75th anniversary of the specialist design department KB-1 (today, S.P.Korolev RSC Energia). The NII-88-based enterprise located near Moscow established as a scientific and production center for development and testing of the first long-range ballistic missiles opened the way to emergence and development of the countrys rocket and space industry, and at a later stage the worlds practical cosmonautics.

Furthermore, the Soyuz-2.1 launch vehicle was launch with the Chuvashia symbolics and a picture of the Republic native, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, pilot cosmonaut of the USSR, Andrian Grigorievich Nikolaev. This special launch came out from the Agreement for cooperation between the State Corporation Roscosmos and Chuvash Republic earlier signed on the margins of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. Andrian Grigorievich Nikolaev is the third Soviet cosmonaut. Twice Hero of the Soviet Unit. Air Force Major General. Performed two space flights, i.e. a solo 4-day flight in 1962, a pair 18-day flight (with Vitaliy Sevastyanov) in 1970. Both flights at the time of their performance broke a record in duration.

Currently, the crew consisting of Roscosmos cosmonauts leg Novitskiy, Petr Dubrov, NASA astronaut Mark Vande Hei, which were delivered by Soyuz MS-18 on April 9, 2021, as well as Crew Dragon spacecraft crewmembers, namely NASA astronauts Sean Kimbrough and gan McArthur, European Space Agency astronaut Tom Pesquet and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency astronaut Akihiko Hoshide are having the duty aboard the International Space Station.

Progress MS is a Russian unmanned transportation spacecraft. Forms part of a family of Progress cargo vehicles providing logistics support for orbital stations. It is used to deliver cargo to the International Space Station, and provide an orbital reboost.

The developer and manufacturer of a new Progress MS modification is S.P.Korolev RSC Energia. Some design modifications were introduced in Progress MS, which improve its functionality and reliability. The spacecraft is equipped with an additional micro-meteoroid and orbital debris protection, redundant electric motors as part of the docking mechanism.

The onboard command radio system Kvant- was replaced with a single unified command and telemetry system which can receive signals from the ground via relay satellites Luch-5, that makes it possible to keep communication with Progress MS in any part of the orbit, and not only over the Russian territory where the ground link stations are located.

The upgraded docking and rendezvous system. The scientific-research institute for precision instruments (forms part of holding Russian Space Systems of the State Corporation Roscosmos) replaced the Kurs-A system with the upgraded Kurs-NA system, which ensures an autonomous rendezvous and docking of the spacecraft with the station, the Kurs-NA system uses modern methods of digital signal processing. In addition, it is twice lighter and three times energy efficient as compared to the preceding hardware.