ISS-65 mission


ISS-65

ISS crew:

Commander -
Akihiko Hoshide

Flight engineers:
leg Novitskiy
Petr Dubrov
Mark Vande Hei
Robert Shane Kimbrough
Megan McArthur
Tomas Pesquet


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60 years since the first human manned space flight

April 12, 2021

On April 12, 1961, at 9 hours 6 minutes 59 seconds Moscow time, a three-stage launch vehicle "Vostok" carrying satellite-spacecraft 3KA No.3 "Vostok" , which was piloted by the first ever cosmonaut Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin was launched from the 1st pad of the research and test site No.5 of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR (today the Baikonur Launch Site). After 12.5 minutes, the spacecraft with a human on board separated from the last stage of the launch vehicle and was inserted into a low-earth orbit, thereby ushering in era of the world manned astronautics.

The development of the national manned spacecraft began at OKB-1 near Moscow (today S.P. Korolev RSC Energia) under the guidance of Chief Designer S.P. Korolev according to the executive order of May 22, 1959. In 1960-1961 upon completion of a series of test flights of automatic spacecraft-satellites carrying dogs and other biological objects, a decision was taken to make the first launch of the manned upgraded spacecraft Vostok with a human on board.

The one-orbit mission program of Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin was fully implemented, and the identified comments had no impact on its successful results. In all flight phases the cosmonaut felt well, perfectly well sustained the weightless environment, and conducted a number of experiments in space conditions. At that time he maintained a constant radio communication with the ground control center, observed the Earth and monitored the state of the onboard systems.

At 10 hours 25 minutes 4 seconds, the retrograde rocket engine was automatically activated, which ensured a designed spacecraft de-orbiting and ballistic descent in the atmosphere. At an altitude of 7 kilometers, the pilot ejected from the descent vehicle and, at 10 hours 53 minutes Moscow time, he made a parachute landing in a field to the south of the town of Engels, Saratov region. The descent vehicle also made a safe landing one and a half kilometers from the cosmonaut. Later, this vehicle had pride of place of the major exhibit of RSC Energia museum.

The first manned space flight became the mainspring in development of the international practical cosmonautics, created a powerful boost for further improvement of space technologies, implementation of more sophisticated manned programs to ensure long-duration human space activities, space research and experiments for the benefit of fundamental sciences and solution of applied problems.

The way to stars paved by S.P. Korolev, his outstanding associates and the world first cosmonaut is now accessible to cosmonauts and astronauts from many countries. Its direction is determined by new searches, designs and achievements for the benefit of all mankind, ensuring its safety, accumulating new knowledge about the Earth, the Solar system and the Universe, using space resources and technologies to improve human lives on our planet.

 

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