ISS-63 mission


ISS-62/63

ISS crew:

Commander -
Christopher Cassidy
Flight engineers:
Anatoly Ivanishin
Ivan Wagner


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60th anniversary of Belkas and Strelkas mission

August 19, 2020

On August 19, 1960 a three-stage launch vehicle was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome carrying the second satellite-spaceship 1K, which was a prototype of the manned spacecraft Vostok. Under the program of preparations for the worlds first manned space mission, the spacecraft put into orbit some living beings who later safely returned to the Earth.

Development of our countrys manned spacecraft began in OKB-1 (now known as RSC Energia) by the Government Resolution dated May 22, 1959. In just one year the design team under the leadership of the Chief Designer Sergei Pavlovich Korolev completed development of the core systems and equipment of the new spacecraft, and the Pilot-production Plant No.88 (now known as ZAO ZEM of RSC Energia) built the first test units in cooperation with other companies in the rocket and space industry. Directly involved in the development of the experimental mission to put into space biological tests subjects was the Institute for Biomedical Problems in Moscow. Selected as animal test subjects were dogs named Belka and Strelka, who were placed into an ejectable container, which for the first time was equipped with a life support system and scientific and medical equipment. Also placed onboard the spacecraft were mice, insects, plants and bacteria.

The 25-hour automatically controlled mission of the spacecraft verified performance capability of the life support system and the spacecraft systems, obtained unique scientific data on the effects of space environment on physiological, genetic and cytological functions of living organisms, while the well-being and behavior of the animals were monitored via an onboard TV system, which transmitted pictures to ground tracking stations. Upon completion of the program of experiments on August 20, 1960, the spacecraft, on command from the ground, began re-entry and successfully landed in the designated landing area in Kazakhstan.

The scope of completed research and the nature of problems addressed in the course of Belkas and Strelkas mission proved that it would be possible to safely carry out a human orbital mission. The program of developmental testing of unmanned satellite-spaceship spacecraft made possible the worlds first manned mission of Vostok spacecraft on April 12, 1961.

 

 

Launches

October 14, 2020
The launch of LV Soyuz-2.1a with SC Soyuz MS-17 is planned
July 23, 2020
LV Soyuz-2.1a with SC Progress MS-15 is launched

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