ISS-64 mission


ISS crew:

Commander -
Sergey Ryzhikov
Flight engineers:
Sergey Kud-Sverchkov
Kathleen Rubins
Michael Hopkins
Victor Glover
Shannon Walker
Soichi Noguchi



March 23, 2001 the flight of the Mir orbital complex was completed

March 23, 2020

The Mir Orbital Complex (OC) is the First International Space Scientific Laboratory created by the cooperation of the rocket and space industry enterprises with the leading role of NPO Energia (today RSC Energia). The unique operation to deorbit more than 130-ton large-size structure was implemented for the first time in the world with filigree accuracy.

During a 15-year operation 104 persons from 12 countries of the world worked on the Station: USA, France, Syria, Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Japan, Great Britain, Germany, Kazakhstan, Austria, Canada and Slovakia. On the Station 31 200 experiment sessions were implemented in the scope of 55 national programs in various areas of applied research and experiments. 78 spacewalks were taken.

This was facilitated by fundamental principles embodied at NPO Energia at the design stage: modular construction, maintainability at all levels, the highest adaptability to changes in the flight program, versatility of the intended use, flight safety of the crew, an efficient transport and maintenance system.

The experience of long-duration expeditions to the Mir Orbital Complex turned out to be extremely valuable when creating the International Space Station (ISS), the prime organization of which in the Russian Segment is RSC Energia. The interaction scheme was tested when implementing joint programs with future partners under the ISS program (USA, France, Germany, countries-members of the European Space Agency). On the Mir Orbital Complex in actual conditions many technical solutions, working procedures and technological processes accepted for use on the ISS were tested, including a modular principle of constructing large-size space structures (up to 240 t) in orbit.

The Mir Complex has shown effectiveness of using the Soyuz and the Progress spacecraft, Space Shuttle as transportation systems for the delivery of the ISS crews and logistics. At the Mir Orbital Complex the interaction of international crews in long-term flights was tested, as well as procedures of maintaining a complex orbital structure in the operating state; experience in the recovery from off-nominal situations was gained and also in assuring the crew safety and the station survivability, simultaneous conducting several international scientific programs by the integrated crew. During the flight of the Mir Orbital Complex the procedure of joint control of manned spacecraft of two countries from two Mission Control Centers: MCC-M (Korolev, Russia) and MCC-H (Huston, USA) was developed.





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