ISS-64 mission


ISS crew:

Commander -
Sergey Ryzhikov
Flight engineers:
Sergey Kud-Sverchkov
Kathleen Rubins
Michael Hopkins
Victor Glover
Shannon Walker
Soichi Noguchi



The 40th anniversary of the Soyuz T flight

December 16, 2019

On December 16, 1979 the Soyuz-U launch vehicle with the Soyuz T unmanned spacecraft was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome under the program for the final phase of flight development test (FDT) of a new three-seat modification of manned transport spacecraft. The specialized Soyuz T spacecraft has been developed by NPO Energia since 1976 to deliver crews to long-term orbital stations of the Salyut type using a modernized rendezvous and berthing radio complex, improved onboard computers, reconstructed life-support equipment and other spacecraft system.

On December 19 the spacecraft automatically docked to the Salyut-6 station, which was temporarily uninhabited at that time, performed a joint flight within the orbital complex, after separation carried out a series of qualification maneuvers to check the descent and on March 26, 1980 returned to Earth. The successful results of autonomous tests of the Soyuz T systems and equipment made it possible to organize the next Soyuz T-2 expedition already in the manned version with cosmonauts Yu.V. Malyshev and V.V. Aksenov onboard.

A total of 14 manned spacecraft Soyuz T were launched under programs of the Salyut-6, Salyut-7 and Mir orbital stations. They laid a foundation for the development of a number of more advanced modifications of Soyuz TM, Soyuz TMA and Soyuz TMA-M envisaged for flights to the Mir orbital complex, and then to the International Space Station.





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