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Award for the first space designer

June 8, 2018

On June 7 Moscow Region Governor Andrei Vorobiev presented state and regional awards to the Day of Russia to outstanding residents of the Moscow region. Galina Balashova, the first interior designer of spacecraft and orbital stations of the USSR, author of space symbols, was awarded badge For Service to the Moscow Region Third Class. All her life she worked at S.P. Korolev RSC Energia (former OKB-1 and NPO Energia).

According to G.A. Balashova, a high estimate of her achievements was a surprise to her. She considers her first award a fact that cosmonauts did not make any critical comments on interiors created by her for 30 years.

Galina Andreevna Balashova, a graduate of the Moscow Architectural Institute (born on December 4, 1931) in 1956 moved from Kuibyshev to Kaliningrad, Moscow region, as her husband, a graduate of a physical-mathematical faculty of the Moscow State University Yuri Pavlovich Balashov was assigned to OKB-1 (now it is RSC Energia). Satisfying his petition in 1957 Galina Andreevna Balashova was assigned to the Chief Architect Department of OKB-1 as the only certified architect. Until 1964 she was engaged in building the city and the enterprise.

In 1963 in new spacecraft Soyuz the habitation module was used with a sphere of 2,2 m in diameter where cosmonauts could rest. Head of the Design Department K.P. Feoktistov entrusted Galina Balashova with the development of this module interior so that it did not look like, in his opinion, a warehouse. She drew usual for cosmonauts furniture: a sideboard a cabinet with the equipment, a couch in which to place spacesuits, near it there was a small armchair (in fact ASY, i.e. a toilet.) Korolev liked the sketch, and on February 18, 1964 he approved it. With interiors developed by Balashova more than 40 spacecraft Soyuz flew.

Galina Andreevna worked on the interior and accommodation of the equipment and instruments of the habitation module of the lunar orbiter, as well as the orbital module and the descent vehicle of the Soyuz T spacecraft. The water-colour landscapes of Balashova decorated orbital modules of the first Soyuz and relieved cosmonauts of psychological stress.

In 19711975 Balashova put her hand to the development of Soyuz 19 for ASTP (Soyuz-Apollo) Program. For the exhibition in Le Bourget in 1973 she prepared the draft exhibition of two spacecraft docking and a badge which became a famous emblem of the Soyuz-Apollo Program and cooperation between the USSR and the United Sates.

In 19761987 Galina Andreevna took part in the design of the Salyut-6, Salyut-7 and Mir Orbital Stations and the Buran orbiter as well. The Base Module of the Mir Station was subdivided into the following functional zones: working, rest, medical, repair, cabins for sleep and each was of its colour. The floor and the ceiling also differed in colour for cosmonauts orientation in space. The same principle was used when designing the ISS.

Balashova is the author of space pennants of the Soviet spacecraft and stations, as well as the International space flights. These souvenirs were given to cosmonauts, transferred over to the countries representatives of which participated in flights.

For the first time her works G.A. Balashova showed in 2000 at an exhibition in the Central House of the architect. Two more exhibitions were held in Germany: in Bonn and the Museum of Architecture in Frankfurt am Maim (its organizer German architect Philip Moizer published a book dedicated to Galina Andreevna). In April 2016 TV channel Russia-Culture showed a documentary about G.A. Balashova.

 

 

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July 10, 2018
The launch of LV Soyuz-2.1a with SC Progress MS-09 is planned
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LV Soyuz-FG with SC Soyuz MS-09 is launched

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