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RSC Energia: in 2017 on the ISS it is planned to install the hardware to study the animal and bird migration

July 21, 2016

The science hardware of the joint Russian-German ICARUS experiment (International Cooperation for Animal Research Using Space) to study wild animal and bird migration is scheduled to be delivered to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2017.

The hardware kit includes the following: an electronic unit, interfaces, as well as the receiving and transmitting antennas which will be mounted on the external surface of Service Module Zvezda of the ISS Russian Segment. The antenna mounting will be provided during a six-hour EVA envisaged for this purpose.

Deputy Head of Scientific - Technical Center of RSC Energia Professor Mikhail Belayev said: The onboard equipment is manufactured by the German party and RSC Energia is engaged in the development of interfaces for the installation of his equipment on the ISS Russian Segment. The equipment delivery to the ISS is scheduled to be provided in 2017.

The ICARUS experiment is unique as it will allow to test onboard the ISS and then transfer to satellites a technology of observing animals much smaller in weight than those observed by French system Argos (Advanced Research and Global Observation Satellite) which is widely used by scientists from different countries. This will be possible due to the fact that mass of each ICARUS module fixed on animals and birds will not exceed five grams. In this case the module combines GLONASS/GPS receiver, radio transmitter and radio receiver, storage battery, solar array, temperature and acceleration sensors.

All incoming information from sensors will be transferred to the ISS, processed and transmitted to the Mission Control Center. After that according to the agreement this data comes to the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the German Institute of Ornithology after Max Planck, - M. Belyaev said.

RSC Energia has been working under the ICARUS project since 2010 within the scientific cooperation agreement. In November 2014 an agreement was signed between ROSCOSMOS and DLR (German Aerospace Center) on the implementation of this project on the ISS Russian Segment. SC ROSCOSMOS, Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences, DLR, the Max Planck Institute of Ornithology and German company SpaceTech take part in preparation of this experiment.

The main objective of research within the ICARUS experiment is to develop the data transmission system operating between a large number of transmitters fixed on the animals and the onboard monitoring equipment. The development of the module weighing less than 5 grams equipped with GLONASS/GPS receiver will allow to obtain data on the movement and migration of animals weighting less than 200 grams.

The resulting experimental scientific data should help in solving various environmental problems, study of the climate change, biodiversity keeping, control of distribution of invasive species and infectious diseases, prevention of catastrophic events, ensuring the safety of air traffic and others.

PAO RSC Energia is the leading enterprise of rocket - space industry, the prime organization for manned space systems. The Corporation is working to develop unmanned and rocket systems (launch vehicles and interorbital transfer vehicles), high-tech systems for various applications to be used in non-space fields. Since August 2014 the Corporation is headed by Vladimir Solntsev.

 

RSC Energia press service

 

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