July 12, 2010. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia,
Korolev, Moscow region
On July 12, 2000 Russian Service Module Zvezda (SM), the key element of the International Space Station (ISS), was placed into near-earth orbit. Its launch was performed at 8 hours 57 minutes Moscow Time from Baikonur Cosmodrome.
The module was built and tested at RSC Energia after S.P. Korolev in cooperation with domestic and foreign enterprises, CIS organizations, as well as the European and US companies (as far as the manufacture of the onboard computer complex is concerned). The Corporation is responsible for operation of the module as part of the Russian Segment whose flight and integration also fall within its responsibility under the International Project.
Zvezda SM is the main contribution of Russia to building the ISS. At early stages of building the station the module performed life support functions for its crew, supplied electric power, maintained flight altitude over the Earth, served as the onboard computer center, the main port for Russian manned and cargo space vehicles Soyuz, Progress. In the course of time, other modules of the station were allowed to take over some functions. However, Zvezda SM has always been and remain structural and functional center of the ISS Russian Segment. It houses the station central control post.
We congratulate all participants in the development, launch and operational use of Zvezda module on the 10th anniversary of the Zvezda launch into a near-earth orbit!
We wish all the participants and partners in the activities related to Zvezda Module and International Space Station as a whole robust health and new achievements in implementing comprehensive program of international cooperation in building and utilization of this mighty space post of earth civilization in a near-earth orbit!
- Basic characteristics of Zvezda Module: initial mass in orbit following injection into orbit - 20320 kg, power of oriented solar arrays - 10 KW; overall dimensions: length of 12.6 m (without fairing and intermediate section), width of 29.7 m (with solar arrays deployed); internal volumes - 75 m3 (with equipment); 46.7 m3 (for crew habitation).
- On July 26, 2000 at 4 hours 44 minutes Moscow Time, Zvezda SM was docked to Zarya Functional-Cargo Block. On November 2, 2000 the crew of the first long-term Expedition (ISS-1), including W. Sheperd, Yu. Gidzenko and S. Krikalev, arrived onboard the module and got down to work on the ISS on implementing human flight program (including ensuring life support during many months of the manned flight) due to Zvezda broad functional capabilities.