Microsatellite Program

Great advances in the development of microelectronics, large-scale adoption of microprocessors, wide use of space technologies, ease of access to space system elements make it possible to solve a wide range of critical problems by means of microsatellites (MS), which can find use in satellite communication, Earth remote sensing, space physics and technology, education, etc. In order to implement these ambitions, a long-term space, scientific-educational program based upon research microsatellites (MS Program) is developed.
The fact that the pupils will be able to operate microsatellites under direct guidance of scientists and designers will contribute to further improvement of the secondary and higher education system as well as make it possible to find the best solutions to the problems of training future specialists of space industry.
The schoolchildren are expected to be involved in the following activities:

  • Study of a possible implementation of the projects dealing with ballistics, radio engineering, computer science, processes of thermal physics, monitoring of the processes on the Earth and in space, etc.;
  • An analysis and observation of the satellite manufacturing processes;
  • Reception and processing of scientific-technical information transmitted from space satellite.

The first research-educational MS under the above Program is the Kolibry MS which was developed and manufactured using the funds allocated by two Australian schools, research and production entities of Russia involved in the project.
RSC Energia's contribution to the above project will be the following: to ensure the Kolibry MS/International Space Station (ISS) integration, including satellite delivery into orbit and launch into open space, as well as involvement of the required experts from the corporation in the project.
The Kolibry MS basic research tasks include studing the processes related to a sudden increase in intensity of space solar ray fluxes affecting a state of the Earth radiation belts, with ejections of plasma clouds from the surface of the Sun, which interact with the Earth magnetosphere and cause dramatic changes in magnetic and electric fields of ionosphere and the Earth surface.
Taking part of the Russian and Australian schoolchildren in the Kolibry Project predetermined its additional scientific task set to them: a comparative study of near space over the territories of highly industrialized Europe and Australia with its less technological environmental impact.