Science Research on ISS Russian Segment

Implementation of a program of scientific experiments of a South-African cosmonaut

December 5, 2001, saw the signing of a contract between Russian Aviation and Space Agency, S.P.Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, Yu.A.Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center, and a citizen of the Republic of South Africa Mark Shuttleworth about his flight to the Russian Segment of ISS as a space flight participant within Visiting Crew 3.
During his stay on-board ISS RS, Mark Shuttleworth will perform a program of scientific experiments, which envisages conducting 33 sessions for 5 experiments.

The South-African cosmonaut 's program of experiments

Human Life Research
"CE" A study of effects of zero gravity on autonomous cardiovascular activity, properties of skeletal muscles, cosmonaut's body power inputs.

Space Biotechnology
"SPC" A study of soluble protein crystallization process.
"ESCD" A study of embryonic and stem cells in zero gravity.

Educational and Humanitarian Projects
"EDUCATION"-SA An educational program to demonstrate zero-gravity effects to schoolchildren.

Earth Resources Sensing
"PLANKTON-LINZA"-SA A study of biological productivity factors of oceans in the areas of Africa's continental shelf and slope based on the data of visual and instrumented observations from space.

For implementation of the programm the following resources are required:


Ascent to the ISS RS

  • in logistics vehicle Progress M1-8
  • manned transport vehicle Soyuz TM-34



33.48 kg
13.74 kg

47.22 kg

Descent of materials with SE results

  • Soyuz TM-33 descent vehicle


10.60 kg



40 W

Maximum per session

up to 100 W

Visiting Crew 3 space flight participant M.Shuttleworth

36 h 10 m

Visiting Crew 3 Commander Yu.Gidzenko

16 h 40 m

ISS-4 Commander Yu.Onufrienko

1 h 30 m


54 h 20 min