Earth and space sciences


Scenario Experiment


Objective:

Test of methods for assessing the development of catastrophic and potentially hazardous phenomena based on the results of their observation from the International Space Station (ISS) by the Earth remote sensing equipment.

Tasks:

  • Making visual observations based on the initial data uplinked from the ground by radiograms, recording the development processes of catastrophic phenomena using video and photographic equipment.
  • Test of methods for observation of potentially hazardous and catastrophic phenomena and ecological problems on the Earths surface and assessment of their development from the ISS Russian Segment (RS) in conditions of actual limitations (including, if necessary, orbit correction).
  • Obtaining experimental data of spectral measurements of underlying surfaces of the areas to be investigated using science hardware, namely PSS and VSS.

Used Science Hardware:

  • Video Spectral System;
  • Photospectral System.

Used Flight Equipment:

  • Digital Cameras Nikon D800 and Nikon D3X;
  • Video Camera HDV Sony HVR-Z7;
  • Laptops RSS2 (IBM ThinkPad T61p) and RSK1 (IBM ThinkPad T61p).

Consumables:

  • Digital Compact Flash Card;
  • HDD Disk;
  • CD Disk in the case.

Experiment results:

All results obtained in the experiment sessions (photographic images, spectral data, measurement results, video files) are recorded and stored on a replaceable returnable hard disk.

Expected Results:

  • Test of methods for the development of catastrophic and potentially hazardous phenomena on the earth and water surfaces;
  • Test of methods for determining the velocity and the moment of the ice clearance based on the results of space observations;
  • Test of methods for assessing the flood development;
  • Test of methods for assessing the spread of pollution on the water surface (oil, etc.);
  • Test of methods for assessing the development of catastrophic phenomena in the atmosphere, etc.;
  • Test of methods for assessing the occurrence of catastrophic events by determining the movement of animals and birds;
  • Development of proposals on the use of the tested methods for practical purposes.

The developed methods and models will be used for real time planning of repeated observations of the objects to be studied from the ISS RS, as well as for issuing data to MES structures, administrative bodies, etc.
With regard to SE carried out and planned it is proposed to systematize catastrophic phenomena observed from the ISS and also perform a cycle of operations for mathematical simulation of catastrophic phenomena observed from the ISS.

ISS Crew


OVCHININ Alexey OVCHININ
Alexey



HAGUE  Nick HAGUE
Nick



KOCH  Christina  KOCH
Christina



SKVORTSOV Alexandr SKVORTSOV
Alexandr



PARMITANO Luka PARMITANO
Luka



MORGAN   Andrew MORGAN
Andrew