Science Research on ISS Russian Segment
Implementation of the program of scientific experiments of a South-African cosmonaut
ESCD experiment is included in the scientific program of South African cosmonaut Mark Shuttleworth and is a constituent part of the
Russian Program for Implementation of Scientific and Technological Research Planned for the Fourth Manned Expedition ISS-4.
A study of embryonic and stem cell development in zero-gravity environment.
- growing cultures of mammalian embryos (mice and sheep) in the incubator in zero gravity;
- growing stem (undifferentiated) cells in incubator in zero gravity;
- growing body (tissue) cells in incubator in zero gravity;
- comparing cells that were experimentally grown in zero gravity with those grown in an incubator
(in vitro) on the ground and in test animals (in vivo).
Scientific Equipment Used:
- BioTherm incubator made by Cryologic (Australia) with a biological materials insert for actively thermostatting the biological materials
at a temperature of 38.5°.
- Glovebox for accommodating inside it the incubator and an accessories box for the duration of the experiment
in space flight environment.
- Thermal insulation container CPCF-2 made by Astrium (Germany) to provide a thermally controlled storage environment
for the biological materials insert during its transportation from orbit;
- Accessories kit
- waste container;
- adapter with power cord;
- battery (a spare).
An evaluation of space flight factors impact on the viability and development of embryonic and stem cells outside an animal's body
(in vitro) in order to obtain an in-depth knowledge of how these cells develop inside an animal's body (in vivo)
and the level of effects produced by gravity.