Human Life Research on ISS Russian Segment

MUSCLE-M Experiment

Experiment MUSCLE-M is included in the program of research activities to be performed by Malaysian angkasawan Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor Al Masrie onboard the ISS Russian Segment in the framework of ANGKASA MSM Project. The experiment is performed under the joint program with ESA.


Evaluation of atrophy of the muscle belt lying deep in the astronaut's body in response to microgravity conditions.


Astronaut's evaluation of pain developing in the low back and recording these sensations.

Science Hardware Used:

  • MUSCLE logbook, with a set of questions for daily recording of a subjective low back pain experienced by the astronaut during a day.

Experiment Results:

Information entered into the questionnaire, which is returned to the ground.