Human Life Research on ISS Russian Segment

MUSCLE Experiment

Experiment MUSCLE is a part of the scientific research program to be conducted by ESA astronaut of the Dutch nationality Andre Kuipers onboard the ISS RS in the frame of DSM Delta Project. The European Space Agency is a customer of the preparation and implementation of the research program.


Assessment of astronaut deep muscle corset atrophy in response to microgravity exposure.


Assessment and recording of development of low back pain by astronaut.

Science Hardware Used:

  • Crew logbook with a set of questions for daily recording of subjective low back pain experienced by the astronaut during a day.

Experiment Results:

Information recorded in the crew logbook.