Foreign Programs

Experiments under Andromeda Program

On April 17, 2001, an Agreement was signed between Russian Aviation and Space Agency, French national center for space research (CNES) and S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia to launch a French cosmonaut Claudie Haignere (Andre-Deshaus), a member of European astronauts corps to the Russian Segment (RS) of ISS as a flight engineer within the second visiting crew (ISS-3).
In the course of "Andromeda" program, there are plans to implement 33 sessions under 10 experiments.
To implement the program, 26 equipment items are used, out of these, 21 items were supplied by the French side and 5 items were supplied by the Russian side.

Experiments under Andromeda Program

Geophysics research
"Immedias" Obtaining digital and photographic film images of cloud formations, areas of natural and man-made atmospheric pollution and areas with bad environmental situation.
"LSO" A study of optical radiation emissions in the Earth's atmosphere and ionosphere related to thunderstorm activity and seismological processes.

Medical and biological research
"Cardioscience" Research of human cardiovascular system under zero gravity.
"Cogni" Research of human neurosensory system under zero gravity.
"EAC" The use of new computer technologies to improve the psychological condition of a cosmonaut under a long duration space mission.
"Aquarius" A study of effects of exposure to microgravity on the growth and development of biological objects.

Biotechnology research
"GCF" Protein crystallization.

Engineering research
SPICA-S Research into effects of space environment on the radiation resistance of electronic components.
"F/PKE" Research into plasma-dust cristals and liquids in microgravity. The experiment is conducted as the French part of the experimental research program "Plasma crystal - 3".
"Mirsupio" Development of support equipment to improve the quality of cosmonaut's stay in space on a long-duration mission.

The following resources are needed to perform the "Andromeda" program:


Delivery to ISS RS on-board:

  • Progress M-45 logistics vehicle
  • Progress M-CO1 logistics vehicle/module
  • Soyuz TM-33 transportation vehicle



2.4 kg
47.0 kg
15.5 kg

64.9 kg

Return to Earth of materials with results of experiments in the descent vehicle of Soyuz TM-32
13.4 kg
40 W
Maximum in a session
up to 180 W
Flight engineer of Visiting Crew 2 (French cosmonaut)
23 h 45 min
Commander of Visiting Crew 2
7 h 30 min
Flight engineer of ISS-3
6 h 15 min


37 h 30 min

ISS Crew

Shannon Walker WALKER

leg Novitskiy Novitskiy

Petr Dubrov Dubrov

Mark Vande Hei Vande Hei

Michael Hopkins Hopkins

Victor Glover Glover

Soichi Noguchi Noguchi