Peggy Annette WHITSON (Ph.D.)
NASA Astronaut, USA
DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH: February 9, 1960, Mt. Ayr, Iowa, but considers Beaconsfield his hometown, Iowa.
EDUCATION: In 1981 received a bachelor of science degree in biology/chemistry from Iowa Wesleyan College and in
1985 she received a doctorate in biochemistry from Rice University, Houston, Texas.
FAMILY STATUS: Married.
Husband - Clarence F. Sams, Ph. D.
AWARDS AND RANKS: NASA Space Flight Medal (2002), Award for working in a team for the Mir-Shuttle Program (1996);
American Astronautical Society Randol Ph Lovelace II Award (1995), NASA Space Act Board Award (1995, 1998); NASA Silver
Snoopy Award (1995); NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1995, 2003); NASA Certificate of Commendation (1994); NASA Sustained
Superior Performance Award (1990); Krug Inernational Merit Award (1989). NASA – JSC National Research Council Resident
Research Associate (1986-1988); Robert A.Welch Predoctoral Fellowship (1982-1985), Summa Cum Laude from Iowa Wesleyan
College (1981); President’s Honor Roll (1978-81); Orange van Calhoun Scholarship (1980); State of Iowa Scholar (1979);
Academic Excellence Award (1978).
HOBBY: Weight lifting, biking, basketball and water skiing.
WORK EXPERIENCE: From 1981 to 1985 she conducted her graduate work in biochemistry at Rice University, Houston, Texas.
Following completion of her graduate work she continued at Rice University till October 1986. Then she began her
studies at NASA Johnson Space Center as a National Research Council Resident Research Associate. In 1988-1989 Whitson
served as the Supervisor for the Biochemistry Research Group at KRUG International, a medical sciences contractor at NASA-JSC.
In 1989-1993 P.Whitson was already NASA staff member and worked as a Research Biochemist in the Biomedical Operations and Research Branch at NASA-JSC.
From April, 1988 to September, 1989, she headed research team in biochemistry in the KRUG company, subcontractor of NASA.
In 1991-1993 she served as Technical Monitor of the Biochemistry Research Laboratories in the Biomedical Operations and Research Branch.
In 1991-1992 she was the Payload Element Developer for Bone Cell Research Experiment (E 10) aboard SL-J (STS-47),
and was a member of the US-USSR Joint Working Group in Space Medicine and Biology.
In 1992 she was assigned as the Project Scientist of the Mir-Shuttle Program (STS-60, STS-63, STS-71, Mir 18, Mir
19) and served in this capacity until the conclusion of the Phase 1A Program in 1995.
In 1993-1996 she held the additional responsibilities of the Deputy Division Chief of the Medical Sciences Division at JSC.
In 1995-1996 she served as Co-Chair of the U.S.- Russian Mission Science Working Group. Concurrently in 1991-1997
she was an Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Internal Medicine and Department of Human Biological
Chemistry and Genetics at University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas. In 1997 she was an Adjunct Assistant
Professor at Rice University in the Maybee Laboratory for Biochemical and Genetic Engineering.
In April 1996 she was selected as NASA astronaut candidate.
In 1996-1998 she passed a course of general space training and was qualified as a flight specialist. Then she performed
technical duties in NASA Astronaut Office Operations Planning Branch. In 1998-1999 she also served as the lead for the Crew Test Support Team in Russia.
In July 1999 she was assigned to the backup ISS-3 crew and ISS-5 prime crew.
In September 2000 – July 2001 Whitson passed training within ISS-3 backup crew together with V. Korzun and S. Treschev.
On June 5 – December 7, 2002 Whitson performed her first space flight under Expedition-5 (ISS-5) Program as Flight Engineer-1
and Scientist of the International Space Station, Flight Engineer-2 of the Soyuz TM/TMA transport spacecraft, flight specialist of the Endeavour Orbiter (STS-11) (STS-111) during the flight to the ISS and STS-113 flight specialist during the return. During the flight the ISS-5 crew received two shuttles under STS-112 and STS-113 programs, which delivered the S1 and P1/truss truss segments, received and unloaded the Progress M46 and Progress M1-9 cargo vehicles, received the Russian Visiting Crew-4 onboard the Soyuz TMA-1 spacecraft.
The scientific research under the Russian and U.S. programs were continued. The Station was handed over to the Expedition – 6 crew.
During the flight P. Whitson performed one EVA of the duration of 4 hr 23 min.
The flight duration was 184 days 22 hr 14 min.
From November 2003 to March 2005 she was Deputy Chief of NASA Astronaut Office. From May 2005 to November 2005 she
served as Chief of the Station Operations Branch, Astronaut Office.
She passed training within the ISS-14 backup crew as the ISS Commander.
Whitson is currently training for a space flight as the ISS-16 prime crew Commander and the Soyuz TMA TSC flight engineer.
Whitson performed her second space flight at a period of October 10, 2007 to April 19, 2008 under the ISS-16 program as a flight engineer of Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft and commander of the ISS-16 Expedition together with Yuriy Malenchenko and member of visiting crew-13 Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor.
During the flight she performed five spacewalks of the total duration of 35 hr 21 min.
The mission duration was 191 days 16 hr 7 min.
From October 2009 to July 2012 she was Chief of the Astronaut Office.
In October 2014 at the forum of journal News of Cosmonautics a message appeared about her assignment to the crew of the ISS-50/51 Expedition.
At the meeting of the Interdepartmental Commission which was held on December 16, 2014 for selection of astronauts and their assignment to the crews of manned spacecraft and stations her assignment to the backup crew of long-term ISS-48/49 Expedition and the prime crew of long-term ISS 50/51 Expedition was approved.
On June 15, 2015 Whitson began to pass training for a space flight at Yu.A. Gagarin CTC. It was a day of the presentation of her training program for a space flight, which she was to pass together with Roscosmos cosmonaut Oleg Novitskiy and ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet in the prime crew of ISS 50/51.
On August 6, 2015 her assignment to the crew of the ISS 50/51 Expedition was confirmed by NASA press release 15-161.
On February 11, 2016 Whitson in the crew together with Oleg Novitskiy and Thomas Pesquet passed training for actions in case of emergency landing in the wooded-marshy area in winter. The crewmembers successfully coped with all the tasks: built two types of shelters: (a one-slope tent and a wigwam), pointed the way to their location for the search and rescue team using a light signal cartridge and fire and rendered first aid to the “wounded” colleague during transfer to the place of meeting with rescuers.
Based the on data of site www.astronaut.ru and Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, NASA, USA.