ESA Astronaut, the Netherlands
DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH:
October 5, 1958, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
EDUCATION: In 1977, Andre Kuipers graduated from Van der
Waals Lyceum, Amsterdam. Received a Medical Doctor degree
from the University of Amsterdam in 1987.
FAMILY STATUS: Married, has two daughters.
ORGANIZATIONS: Member of the Aerospace Medical Association,
the Dutch Aviation Medicine Society and the Dutch Association
HOBBY: Flying, scuba diving, skiing, hiking, travelling
During his medical studies, Andre Kuipers worked in the
Vestibular Department of the Academic Medical Centre in
Amsterdam, the Netherlands, where he was involved in research
of human equilibrium system.
In 1987-1988, as an officer of the Royal Netherlands Air
Force Medical Corps, he studied accidents and near-accidents
caused by spatial disorientation of pilots.
In 1989 and 1990, he worked for the Research and Development
Department of the Netherlands Aerospace Medical Centre in
Soesterberg. He was involved in research of the astronauts
adaptation in space, contact lenses for pilots, vestibular
apparatus, blood pressure and cerebral blood flow. In addition,
he performed medical examinations of pilots and medical
monitoring of human centrifuge training, and also gave lessons
to pilots in psychological aspects of flying.
Since 1991, Kuipers has been involved in preparation, coordination,
baseline data collection and ground control of psychological
experiments developed by the European Space Agency. In particular,
he was a Project Scientist for a human physiology facility
that flew on the D-2 Spacelab mission in 1993 and for two
payloads for lung and bone physiology, that flew aboard
the Mir Space Station during the six-month Euromir-95 mission.
He was involved in the development of the Torque Velocity
Dynamometer (TVD) that flew on the LMS Spacelab mission
in 1996, the Muscle Atrophy Research and Exercise System
(MARES), a special device used in muscle research onboard
the Space Station, and an electronic muscle stimulator (PEMS).
Andre Kuipers provided support for the life science experiments
during the ESA parabolic flight campaigns which are performed
twice a year. He participated in these flights as an experiment
operator, technician, test subject and flight surgeon.
In July 1999, Andre Kuipers joined the European Astronaut
Corps of the European Space Agency, whose homebase is at
the European Astronaut Centre (EAC) in Cologue, Germany.
Concurrently with his training he was assigned to the European
Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Noordwijk,
the Netherlands, continuing his hormer work for the Microgravity
Payloads Division within the Directorate of Human Spaceflight.
Until the start of preparations for his flight, Andre Kuipers
supported an active research programme in the field of psychological
adaptation of humans to weightlessness, coordinated the
European experiments on lung function and blood pressure
regulation, which will be performed using ESA's specially
developed apparatus, the Advanced Respiratory Monitoring
In 2002, Andre Kuipers completed ESA's Basic Training Programme
which is performed at the European Astronaut Centre (EAC)
in Cologne, Germany and Yu.A. Gagarin Cosmonaut Training
Centre, Star City, Russia.
From October 30 to November 10, 2002 as 'Cap Com' during
implementation of the Odissea Project onboard the ISS by
the Belgian ESA astronaut Frank De Winne (VC-4), Andre supported
ESA's ground team at the Russian Mission Control Centre.
He was in training for a spaceflight as a flight engineer
within a backup crew (VC-5).
In December 2002 he was assigned as a Flight Engineer of
the Soyuz TMA spacecraft for a flight to the International
Space Station (ISS) within the visiting crew (VC-6) in April
By the data of ESA site