Viktor Mikhailovich AFANASIEV
Colonel, Deputy Leader of Crew Team,
Instructor-test-cosmonaut of Yu. A. Gagarin
Cosmonaut Training Center (TsPK), Russia.
DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH:
December 31, 1948, Bryansk.
Father - Mikhail Zakharyevich Afanasiev (1918-1975).
Mother - Maria Sergeevna Afanasieva (Blinnikova) (1923-1999).
1970, he graduated from higher military aviation pilot school
after A.F. Myasnikov. In 1977 he finished training at the
267-th Center of aviation hardware testing and test-pilots
training (Akhtubinsk, Astrakhanskaya Area). He graduated
aircraft construction department (night classes) at Akhtubinsk
branch of the Moscow Aviation College in 1980, in 1995 -
Humanitarian Academy of the Russian Federation Armed Forces.
MARITAL STATUS: married.
Wife - Elena Yakovlevna Afanasieva (Kalinushkina), born in 1955.
Son - Vyacheslav, born in 1974.
Daughter - Yulia, born in 1981.
AWARDS AND RANKS:
Hero of the Soviet Union, Pilot-cosmonaut of USSR. He was awarded with Order of Lenin, Order for Service at
the Armed Forces for the Motherland of the 3-d degree, Order for Merits to the Motherland of the 3-d degree, Order for
Personal Spirit, medals.
HOBBY: car driving, football, collecting of badges and pins.
During period of 1970 - 1976 he was on service as a pilot,
senior pilot, commander of aviation squad at the Fighter
Guards Regiments of the Soviet Forces in Germany. He is
the first class pilot.
From 1977 to 1980 he served as test-pilot, senior test-pilot
at the Fighter Aviation flight testing service. He's learned
40 types of aircraft and their modifications. The total
flight is over 2000 hours. The first class test-pilot.
In 1985 he was accepted as a candidate cosmonaut and in
1988 he joined cosmonaut team at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training
From November, 1985, to May, 1987, he took a course of general space training.
In 1988-89 he passed training within the group under the Mir Station flight program.
In 1989-90 he trained as commander of the Soyuz TM-9 vehicle stand-by crew under the program of the prime crew (Expedition 6) onboard the Mir Station.
In February-August 1990 - training as the Soyuz TM-10 vehicle backup crew commander under the program of the prime crew (Expedition 7) onboard the Mir Station.
August - November 1990 - training as the Soyuz TM-11 vehicle prime crew commander under the prime crew (Expedition 8) program.
Afanasiev performed his first space flight at a period
of December 2, 1990 - May 26, 1991 as commander of the Soyuz
TM-11 vehicle and Mir OC under the prime crew (Expedition 8)
program. In flight he performed four EVAs of the total duration
of 20 hours and 36 minutes.
In 1991 - 1992 he passed training in the cosmonaut group as the crew commander under the rescue vehicle program.
From February to June 1993 - training as the Soyuz TM-17 vehicle backup crew commander under the program of the prime crew (Expedition 14) onboard the Mir Station.
In August - December 1993 he passed training for a space flight onboard the Mir Station under the prime crew (Expedition 15) program as the prime crew commander.
Afanasiev performed his second space flight from January
8 to July 9, 1994 as the Soyuz TM-18 vehicle and Mir Station
commander under the prime crew (Expedition 15) program. October
1997 - January 1998 - training as the backup crew commander
of the prime crew (Expedition 25).
From March 1998 to February 1999 - training as the prime crew commander of the Soyuz TM-29 vehicle and Mir Station under the prime crew (Expedition 27) program.
He performed his third space flight as commander of the
prime crew (Expedition 27) onboard the Soyuz TM-29 vehicle and
Mir Station from February 20 to August 28, 1999.
Jean-Pierre Haignere (ESA, France) and I. Bella (Slovakia) were launched together with V.M. Afanasiev. He performed three EVAs of the total duration of 17 hours and 48 minutes.
He is the first class cosmonaut.
In 2000 he trained as the backup crew commander of the ISS visiting crew (Expedition 1).
In 2001 he passed training for a space flight as the prime crew commander of the Soyuz TM vehicle under the program of the ISS visiting crew (Expedition 2).
RSCE and CNES, ESA pictures
Based on materials from Yu.A. Gagarin RGNIITsPK.