Sergei Konstantinovich KRIKALEV

S.P. Korolev Rocket&Space Corporation Energia, Russia

DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH: August 27, 1958, Leningrad. Farther: Konstantin Sergeevich Krikalev, born in 1932, lives in St. Petersburg. Mother: Nadezhda Ivanovna Krikaleva, born in 1931, lives in St. Petersdurg.

EDUCATION: In 1981 he graduated from the Leningrad Mechanical Institute (Voyenmekh), the machine building department specializing in the Flight Vehicle Design and Manufacturing; got the honours diploma in Mechanical Engineering.

Wife: Yelena Yuryevna Terekhina born in 1956, works as engineer at RSC Energia.
Daughter: Olga Sergeevna Krikaleva, born in 1990, goes to school.

AWARD AND RANKS: Hero of the Soviet Union, Hero of the Russian Federation, the USSR Pilot-Cosmonaut. Awards: Gold Star Medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union; Order of Lenin; Gold Star Medal of the Hero of the Russian Federation; Order of Friendship of the Peoples. Awards from foreign countries: officer of the Legion of Honour (France), the NASA Space Flight Medal; the NASA Distinguished Service Medal. Awards of scientific and social organizations: Order of Eagle First Class (Association of the Russian Manufacturers).

SPORTING RECORDS: A first-grade swimmer; Candidate for all around combined tournament Master of Sport (at Leningrad Championship in 1979).
From 1977 he went in for aerobatic flying. During 1980-1981 he was a member of Leningrad Team on aerobatic flying.
In 1981 he was awarded the title of the USSR Master of Sports on aerobatic flying.
From 1982 he went in for aerobatic flying in the Central Aeroclub after V.P. Chkalov in Moscow.
In 1982 he took part in the USSR Championship on behalf of the Central Aeroclub team and was a candidate for the USSR combined team on aerobatic flying.
In 1983 he was recognized as an Overall Champion of Moscow by aerobatic flying. In the Spartakiade finals of the USSR Nations and the USSR Championship he stood up for the RS FSR team, where he won the third place in the team records and the 8th place as a personal record.
In 1985 he took part in the Socialist Countries Campionship on aerobatic flying as a member of the USSR 2nd Team and was a member of the Russian national team on aerobatic flying by gliders. He became a Silver Prize winner in aerobatic flying exercises.
In 1986 he won the USSR Championship and the European Championship in the team records, as well as the champion by the exercises. Also he was awarded the title of the International Class Master of Sports.
In 1997 he won the World Championship and the 1st Aerobatic Flying Games in the team records. Also he became a Silver Prize winner in personal record.
He flew aircraft Yak-18A, Yak-52, Yak-5, Yak-55M, Su-26, Su-29, L-39.
He performed familiarization flights with instructor by MIG-21, MIG-25 and TU-134.
He was granted the second pilot license to fly aircraft T-38 (USA) and had logged more than 140 hours by this aircraft.

HOBBIES: Aerobatic flying, swimming, scuba diving, Alpine skiing, tennis, windsurfing, ham radio (X75M1K).

WORK EXPERIENCE: Since 1981 he has been working as engineer of NPO Energia's PDB. He was engaged in developing cosmonauts flight manuals, the proposals for operator's data imaging on panels and displays of the Mir orbital complex; updating flight documentation of the Salyut-7 station. In January 1984 he was selected by the test results as a candidate for the NPO Energia's cosmonauts team.
On September 2, 1985 he was taken on the staff of NPO Energia cosmonauts by the SIAC resolution.
On November 10, 1985 he was appointed a candidate for test-cosmonauts of NPO Energia's cosmonauts team by the Order No 384 of GMM Minister.
On February 1987 he was appointed test-cosmonaut of NPO Energia's cosmonauts team.
Since April 7, 1992 he has been instructor - test-cosmonaut, NPO Energia Deputy Head of Department.
He was employed at Mission Control Center (MCC), at first as a radiogram developer, then as a specialist in crew actions and flight documentation throughout several long-duration expeditions. After loss of communication with the Salynit station in February 1985 he was involved in the team developing and testing the procedure to fly to the uncontrollable station. Before the prime crew (Dzhanibekov - Savinykh) trainings started, he had tested various options of the procedures as part of the support crew (Viktorenko - Krikalev).
As part of his work in the Department Krikalev took part in cosmonauts training at CTC and Baikonur. After joining the cosmonauts team he kept on working in the same Department as Team Lead and then as Deputy Head of Department. During 1985-1986 he took the course of basic space training at CTC after Y.A. Gagarin. In 1986 he was qualified as test-cosmonaut by the IAQC solution.
In 1986-1988 he took part in the cosmonauts team training under the Buran Program.
On March 22, 1988 as member of the crew (4th crew with Schukin) he replaced A. Kaleri discharged from the training because of the health problems, in the prime crew of the Soyuz TM-7.
During March 22, 1988 through November 11, 1988 he received training as the Soyuz TM-7 prime crew flight engineer under the Prime Crew-4/Aragats Program at the Mir OS along with A. Volkov and Jean Loup - Chretien (France).
He got training as the main tester for the first test of Extravehicular Maneuvering Unit.
Together with A. Volkov he made arrangements for the new Kvant-2 module acceptance and initial operational use. Under the Flight Program they received training in space walks. His pioneer flight took place from November 26, 1988 to April 27, 1989. He flew as a flight engineer onboard the Soyuz-TM-7 space vehicle and Mir OS under the Prime Crew-4/Aragats Program. The flight duration was 151 days. In 1990 he got training as a flight engineer of the Soyuz TM-11 backup crew under the Prime Crew-8 Program and the Joint Soviet-Japanese flight onboard the Mir OS together with A. Artsebarsky and R. Kikuti (Japan).
From December, 1990 through April, 1991 he received training as a flight engineer of the Soyuz TM-12 prime crew under the Prime Crew-9 Program onboard the Mir OS along with A. Artsebarsky and H. Sharman (Great Britain).
From May 18, 1991 throught March 25, 1992 he took part in the second space flight with a duration of 312 days as the Soyuz TM-12 and Mir OS flight engineer under the Prime Crew-9 and Prime Crew-10 Programs. During the flight he performed 7 space walks with a total duration of 36 hours 29 min.
From November 1, 1992 through January, 1994 he got training at JSC as a flight expert of crew No 4 carried by the Discovery Orbiter under STS-60 Program. He completed the training and was certified to operate the Shuttle manipulator (for grappling free-flying satellite, including handling the satellite with loss of orientation).
From March 3, 1994 to February 11, 1994 he took part in the third space flight as an STS-60 crewmember onboard the Discovery Orbiter in the capacity of flight specialist for an 8-day period.
From April 1994 through January 1995 he got training at Johnson Space Center as a backup cosmonaut of Titov, flight specialist of the Discovery crew-4 under STS-63 Program. Concurrently with the trainings as a backup crewmember under STS-63, he along with NASA Astronauts Office got down to the work related to a new international station. After studying the US EVA spacesuit and passing the corresponding test Krikalev with the spacesuit donned worked in neutral buoyancy laboratory on developing the procedures to assemble the future station in space. Prior to flight he was involved in MCC-H operations assisting in the cooperation with two MCCs.
On February 3, 1995 he was a backup specialist of the Discovery Orbiter flight 4 under STS-63. During the flight he was appointed Lead of the 1st Consultative Team (the group of experts from MCC intended to work at MCC-H). In the most critical flight phases he worked in the main operations management room assisting in establishing communication between the two MCCs and two crews. He performed similar services during flight STS-71, 74 and 76. As a representative of the Lead Operational Control Team he participated in the RSA/NASA talks on the work breakdown.
Since January 1996 he was appointed Flight Engineer of the International Space Station (ISS-1) prime crew. The launch was scheduled for May 1998. From October 1996 he got training together with Yu. Gidzenko and W. Shephard (USA) as a Flight Engineer of the ISS-1 prime crew.
In July 30, 1998 he was assigned to the Endeavour Orbiter crew under STS-88 Program.
From September 17 through November 1998 he received training at Johnson Space Center (USA) as a crewmember under STS-88.
From December 2 through December 14, 1998 he performed the fourth space flight with a 12-day duration as a specialist of the Endeavour flight 4 under STS-88 Program.
It was the pioneer manned flight under the International Space Station Assembly Program. During the flight toward the Zarya Functional Cargo Block the US NODE 1/Unity Module was docked. Astronauts and the cosmonaut were the first to open the hatches of a new station.
In 1999 Krikalev proceeded with his training as a Flight Engineer of the ISS-1 prime crew along with Yu. Gidzenko and W. Shephard (USA).

30 930 bytes 33 605 bytes 28 043 bytes 22 579 bytes

65 437 bytes 37 370 bytes 72 262 bytes 49 065 bytes

October, 2000

ISS Crew

Hoshide  AkihikoHoshide

leg Novitskiy Novitskiy

Petr Dubrov Dubrov

Mark Vande Hei Vande Hei

Robert Shane

Megan McArthur McArthur