Steps of ISS assembly
|| Launch date
|| Station element
||Dec 10, 2006 ||Dec 23, 2006
||Section P5 of the main truss
||Jan 18, 2007 ||Aug 1, 2007 ||
||Apr 7, 2007 ||Oct 21, 2007 ||
||May 12, 2007 ||Sep 25, 2007 ||
||June 9, 2007 ||June 22, 2007
||S3/S4 truss structure with solar array kit
||Aug 2, 2007
||Jan 22, 2008
||Aug 9, 2007 ||Aug 21, 2007
||S5 tuss segment, platform ESP-3
||Oct 10, 2007
||Apr 19, 2008
On December 10, 2006, a reusable US transportation spacecraft
Shuttle Discovery was launched on STS-116 mission (flight
12A.1 on the ISS assembly program). The crew included NASA
astronauts Mark Polansky (commander), William Oefelain (pilot),
Nicolas Patrick, Robert Curbeam, Jr., Joan Higginbotham,
Sunita Williams, as well as an ESA astronaut from Sweden
Christer Fuglesang (all of them mission specialists).
The mission objective was to deliver to the ISS Section
P5 of the main truss, additional equipment and consumables,
to reconfigure the power supply and thermal control systems
on the US orbital segment, as well as to rotate one of the
ISS crew members (NASA astronaut Sunita Williams came to replace
ESA astronaut Thomas Reiter).
During the attached phase of the mission the US astronauts
performed four EVAs.
On December 19, 2006, Space Shuttle Orbiter Discovery carrying
seven astronauts on board undocked from the ISS, and on
December 23 it successfully landed on Cape Canaveral, FL,
January 18, 2007 saw the launch from the Baikonur launch
site of a Soyuz-U launch vehicle carrying Progress M-59
unmanned cargo transportation spacecraft (ISS program flight
number 24P), which docked with ISS on January 20. The mission
objective was to deliver to the ISS the cargo required to
continue its operation in manned mode, and to support living
and working conditions for the crew. The cargo transportation
spacecraft delivered to the station about 2.56 tons of various
cargoes, including 1120 kg of propellant, 51 kg of oxygen,
266 kg of foodstuffs, 344 kg of equipment for the atmospheric
composition control system, 100 kg of medical provisions.
On August 1, 2007 the cargo transport vehicle Progress M-59 was undocked from
the ISS, deorbited and sunk in a pre-set area of the Pacific Ocean.
April 7, 2007 a launch vehicle Soyuz-FG launched from the
Baikonur launch site put into orbit a Russian manned transportation
spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10 (flight number 14S on the ISS assembly
program), which docked with the space station on April 9.
Soyuz TMA-10 carried two members of Expedition
15 (ISS-15) – Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and
Oleg Kotov – as well as a space flight participant, US citizen
Charles Simonyi, flying under the
program of the twelfth Russian taxi mission (Visiting
Expedition 12). The mission objective is to perform the
scheduled rotation of two crew members of Expedition Fourteen
(ISS-14), as well as of the Soyuz TMA-9 spacecraft, which
had been staying attached to the ISS serving as the crew
rescue vehicle since September 20, 2006; to provide logistics
support to the Space Station Expedition crew, and to help
maintain the Station and its systems in good working order.
On April 21, 2007 Soyuz TMA-9 undocked from the ISS and
on that same day its descent vehicle carrying a space flight
participant Charles Simoni and two crew members of ISS-14
– Michael Lopez-Alegria and Mikhail Tyurin – returned to
May 12, 2007 saw the launch from the Baikonur launch site
of a Soyuz-U launch vehicle carrying Progress M-60 unmanned
cargo transportation spacecraft (ISS program flight number
25P), which docked with ISS on May 15. The mission objective
was to deliver to the ISS the cargo required to continue
its operation in manned mode, and to support living and
working conditions for the crew. Progress M-60 delivered
to the Space Station 2.56 tons of various cargoes, including
815 kg of propellant, 420 kg of potable water, 241 kg of
foodstuffs, 136 kg of cargoes of equipment for various space
station systems, 63 kg of equipment for scientific experiments,
on-board documentation and parcels for the crew.
On September 25, 2007 the cargo transport vehicle Progress M-60 was undocked
from the ISS, deorbited and sunk in a pre-set area of the Pacific Ocean.
On June 9, 2007, US Space Shuttle Atlantis mission STS-117 (mission 13A under ISS program) was launched, and on June 10, 2007, the Orbiter successfully docked with the ISS.
The crew included NASA astronauts: Frederick Sturckow (commander), Lee Archambault (pilot), Patrick Forrester, Steven Swanson, John Olivas, James Reilly, Clayton Anderson (all of them were mission specialists). The mission objective was to deliver and install on ISS the S3/S4 truss structure, to deploy a new set of solar array panels, as well as to rotate one ISS crew member (NASA astronaut Clayton Anderson came to replace NASA astronaut Sunita Williams).
During the attached phase of the mission, US astronauts performed four space walks.
On June 19, 2007, Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis carrying a crew of seven undocked from the International Space Station, and on June 22, 2007, it successfully landed at the US Edwards Air Force Base in California.
August 2, 2007 saw the launch from the Baikonur launch site of a Soyuz-U launch vehicle carrying Progress M-61 unmanned cargo transportation spacecraft (ISS program flight number 26P), which docked with ISS on August 5. The mission objective was to deliver to the ISS the cargo required to continue its operation in manned mode, and to support living and working conditions for the crew. The vehicle delivered more than 2.5 tons of cargoes. They encompass oxygen, water and food supplies, propellant, consumables, science hardware and equipment, including 459 kg of equipment for the US Segment. The orbital complex is made up of the Functional Cargo Module Zarya, Service Module Zvezda, docking module Pirs, manned vehicle Soyuz TMA-10, Progress M-60 and Progress M-61, the US On-Orbit Segment is made up of modules Unity and Destiny, airlock Quest and multi-link truss structure with deployed solar arrays items.
On December 22, 2007 the Progress M-61 vehicle undocked from the ISS and was in a free flight as the test laboratory to carry out the Plasma-Progress experiment. On January 22, 2008 be was de-orbited and submerged in the given area of the Pacific Ocean.
On August 9, 2007 U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavour, STS-118 (ISS Assembly Program, Flight 13A.1) was launched, and on August 10th, 2007 successfully docked to the ISS.
The Space Shuttle crew consists of NASA astronauts: Kelly Scott Joseph (commander), Hobaugh Charles Owen (pilot), Caldwell Tracy Ellen, Mastraccio Richard Alan, Williams Dafydd Rhys, Morgan Barbara Radding, Drew Behjamin Alvin, Jr (all flight specialists).
During the mated flight the U.S. astronauts conducted four EVAs, at which one of the four ISS attitude control gyroscopes was replaced, the station communication system was improved, additional equipment was mounted on Truss S1, and improved wireless video transmission system was installed.
On August 19th, 2007 the Space Shuttle Endeavour carrying seven astronauts undocked from the ISS, and on August 21th, 2007 successfully landed in Cape Canaveral, Florida, the USA.
On October 10th, 2007 Soyuz TMA-11 transport manned vehicle (ISS Assembly Program, Flight 15S) was launched by Soyuz-FG launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome, and on October 12th, 2007 docked to the station. The Soyuz TMA-11 vehicle carries two Expedition 16 (ISS-16) crewmembers: Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson, as well as a space flight participant, citizen of Malaysia Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, perfoming a flight under the Russian thirteen visiting crew program (VC-13). The flight objectives are to provide a planned rotation of two Expedition 15 (ISS-15) crewmembers, and changeover of Soyuz TMA-10 vehicle, which has been used as a crew rescue vehicle as part of the ISS since April 9th, 2007, perform on-orbit activities under the ISS thirteenth visiting crew program, including space experiments and investigations under the MSM "ANGKASA" project by space flight participant, visiting crew member Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, resolve the Expedition crew flight logistics tasks, as well as maintain the station and its systems functionality.
On October 21st, 2007 Soyuz TMA-10 space vehicle undocked from the ISS, and on the same day the vehicle descent capsule carrying flight participant, citizen of Malaysia Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor and two ISS-15 crewmembers, Russian cosmonauts Fedor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov returned to Earth.