Steps of ISS assembly
|| Launch date
|| Station element
||July 12, 2001 ||July 25, 2001
||Multi-purpose Quest airlock
||Aug 11, 2001 ||Aug 22, 2001 ||
||Aug 21, 2001 ||Nov 23, 2001 ||
||Sep 15, 2001 ||Sep 27, 2001
||Docking compartment Pirs
||Oct 21, 2001 ||May 5, 2002 ||
July 12, 2001, US Space Shuttle Atlantis was launched on mission STS-104
(ISS deployment program flight number 7A), and on July 14 it docked
with ISS. The crew includes NASA astronauts Steven Lindsey (mission
commander), Charles Hobaugh (pilot), Michael Gernhardt, Janet Kavandi
and James Reilly (mission specialists). The objective of the mission
is to deliver, install and activate on-board the space station a multi-purpose
Quest airlock intended to support space walks conducted both in US and
Russian spacesuits. Besides, Atlantis delivered to the space station
consumables, water supplies and scientific equipment. During their flight
in docked configuration, the US astronauts have performed three EVAs,
during which, using the new space station remotely controlled robotic
arm Canadarm2 the Quest airlock was taken out of the Atlantis payload
bay, transferred and berthed to a port on the US Node-1 Unity module;
on the outer surface of the airlock high-pressure oxygen and nitrogen
tanks, EVA foot platforms and handrails were installed. Their third
EVA was performed from the new airlock. Shuttle thrusters performed
an ISS orbital reboost. On July 22 Atlantis undocked, and it landed
on July 25.
August 11, 2001 saw the launch of Space Shuttle Discovery mission STS-105 (ISS deployment program mission number 7A.1), which docked with ISS
on August 12. Discovery carried on-board a crew of US astronauts Scott
Horovitz (commander), Frederic Stercow (pilot), Patrick Forrester and
Daniel Barry (mission specialists), as well as the third expedition
crew (ISS-3) consisting of US astronaut Frank Culbertson and Russian
cosmonauts Vladimir Dezhurov and Mikhail Turin.
The flight mission was to deliver to ISS the ISS-3 crew and bring back
to Earth the second expedition crew ISS-3 consisting of Yuri Usachev,
Jim Voss and Susan Helms who had worked on board the space station since
March 10, 2001. In addition to this, Discovery delivered to the space
station individual seat liners for ISS-3 crew, equipment for outfitting
US segment, including additional racks for scientific research, that
were stowed in Multi-Purpose Logistics Module Leonardo built in Italy
which made its second trip to ISS inside the payload bay of the Shuttle,
as well as consumables, supplies of water, air and food.
In the course of the joint flight US astronauts performed two EVAs.
On August 20 Discovery undocked and on August 22 successfully landed
on Earth. Besides Leonardo module loaded with trash collected from the
space station, such as bags with dirty clothes, failed hardware, unneeded
packing, etc., returned on Earth for reuse were two sets of Kurs docking
equipment dismantled from logistics vehicle Progress M1-6 and manned
spacecraft Soyuz TM-32, as well as other cargoes.
August 21, 2001 saw the launch from Baikonur of logistics vehicle Progress
M-45, which docked with the axial port of the Russian Service Module
Zvezda on August 23.
The logistics vehicle delivered ti ISS about 2.5 tons of cargo, including
more than 890 kg of propellant for refueling the combined propulsion
system of Zvezda Service Module, which is used to control ISS attitude,
as well as 210 kg of water and 1420 kg of dry cargoes, which include
Japanese and French hardware and equipment for space experiments, onboard
documentation packages, video and photographic equipment. Third expedition
crew (ISS-3) received equipment for systems of thermal control, medical
control, sanitary and hygienic support and water supply, food rations,
including fresh provisions. An orbital complex was established which
consists of Russian spacecraft Progress M-45, Soyuz TM-32, Russian Service
Module Zvezda - Functional and Cargo Module Zarya - US modules Unity
and Destiny. The complex mass is about 134.1 tons.
On November 23, 2001 upon completion of the flight program
Progress M-45 was splashed down in the assigned region of
the world oceanic area.
September 15, 2001, launch vehicle Soyuz-U launched into low Earth orbit a specialized logistics vehicle/module Progress M-CO1, which docked
with ISS on September 17.
The objective of the launch is to deliver to the Russian segment of
ISS the docking compartment module Pirs. The docking compartment is
designed to be used as an additional docking port for manned and logistics
vehicles of "Soyuz" and "Progress" type and to support
EVAs of cosmonauts and astronauts from the Russian segment of the space
station. The logistics vehicle/module delivered to the space station
more than 870 kg of propellant and about 800 kg of various cargoes,
which include standard equipment of the Pirs docking compartment (cargo
boom, external workstation, portable multi-purpose container); research
and applications equipment, including equipment for implementation of
research program under Andromeda project during the second Russian visiting
mission to ISS; EVA equipment, including Orlan-M spacesuit; equipment
for life support system; a set of maintenance and repair tools; on-board
documentation. An orbital complex was established which consists of
Russian spacecraft Progress M-45, Soyuz TM-32, Progress M-CO1, Russian
Service Module Zvezda - Functional and Cargo Module Zarya - US modules
Unity and Destiny. The complex mass is about 140.5 tons.
On September 27, 2001 upon completion of the flight program
Progress M-CO1 was splashed down in the assigned region of
the world oceanic area.
On October 21, 2001, the Russian transport manned spacecraft
Soyuz TM-33 was launched by the Soyuz-Y launch vehicle from
the Baikonur cosmodrome (the ISS assembly program, mission
3S); the spacecraft docked to the station on October 23.
second Russian visiting crew (VC-2) included Russian
cosmonauts Victor Afanasiev (Commander), Konstantin Kozeev
(Flight Engineer-2) and representative of European Space
Agency - French astronaut Claudie Haignere (Flight Engineer-1).
The mission purpose was to conduct the scheduled replacement
of the Soyuz TM-32 rescue vehicle that was a part of the
ISS since April 30, 2001, as well as to implement work under
the visiting program including space experiments and studies
under French Andromeda program and to solve the tasks of
the ISS-3 crew mission technical support. On October 31,
2001, the Soyuz TM-32 spacecraft descent vehicle returned
to the Earth.