Steps of ISS assembly
|| Launch date
|| Station element
||Oct 12, 2000 ||Oct 24, 2000
||Base truss Z1, pressurized adapter ÐÌÀ-3
||Oct 31, 2000 ||May 6, 2001 ||
||Nov 16, 2000 ||Feb 8, 2001 ||
||Dec 1, 2000 ||Dec 12, 2000
||Truss Ð6 with two panels of solar arrays
||Feb 8, 2001 ||Feb 20, 2001
||Laboratory module Destiny
On October 12, 2000, the Discovery Shuttle (STS-92) was launched (ISS
program, flight 3A) which docked to the ISS on October 13. Using the
remote manipulator, a section of the base truss Z1 was mounted on the
Unity module, the ISS was equipped with a pressurized adapter, Ku-band
radio system and gyrodynes; four EVAs were performed. The ISS is prepared
to receive the first prime crew (ISS-1). The complex consisting of Progress
M1-3 cargo vehicle - Zvezda service module - Zarya functional-cargo
module - Unity module - Discovery orbiter was formed in orbit. The Discovery
orbiter performed landing on October 24, 2000.
On October 31, 2000, the Soyuz TM-31 transport vehicle with the ISS first prime
expedition crew on board was launched. The crew consisted
of two Russian cosmonauts - Yu. Gidzenko and S. Krikalev
- and American astronaut W. Shepherd. The launch was performed
by the Soyuz-U launch vehicle from the Baikonur cosmodrome.
On November 2 the Soyuz TM-31 TV docked successfully with
the ISS. With arrival of the first prime expedition crew
to the ISS the station has become permanently inhabited.
The complex consisting of Soyuz TM-31 - Zvezda - Zarya -
Unity with a mass of about 73 t was formed in orbit.
On November 16, 2000, the Progress M1-4 transport cargo vehicle was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome; on November 18 it was docked
to the side port of the Zarya module. The cargo vehicle delivered 2.2
t payload to the ISS: propellant, food, water, medical supplies, flight
equipment including units and devices of the station's systems. The
complex consisting of Unity - Zarya - Zvezda - Soyuz TM-31 - Progress
M1-4 with a mass of about 80 t was formed in orbit. On December 1 the
Progress M1-4 TCV was undocked from the ISS on-orbit complex. On the
1st of December 4 Progress M1 undocked from the International Space
Station, and on the 26th of December it redocked to the ISS. On the
8th of February Progress M1-4 undocked from the ISS and was de-orbited
along the descent trajectory to the oceanic area.
December 1, 2000, the Endeavour Shuttle STS-97 (ISS program, flight 4A) started; on December 2 it was docked to the docking
assembly of the U.S. Unity module. At the moment of the
orbiter docking to the ISS complex the Progress M1-4 vehicle
was in autonomous flight. Through December 8 the Endeavour
crew implemented the program of work planned within the
STS-97 flight: delivered to the complex and mounted the
truss with two panels of solar arrays to improve the station
power supply before arrival of the U.S. Destiny laboratory
to the station. On December 8, after opening of the transfer
hatch to the Russian Zvezda service module the meeting of
two crews - the ISS on-orbit complex crew and the Endeavour
orbiter crew - took place; then joint activities began on
transfer of delivered cargoes to the ISS. The on-orbit complex
of about 187 t in mass functioned in the configuration:
Soyuz TM-31 - Zvezda - Zarya - Unity - Endeavour. On December
12, 2000 The Endeavour Shuttle performed successful landing.
On February 8, 2001 the Space Shuttle Atlantis STS-98 (ISS program, flight 5A) was launched. On February 9 it docked
to the ISS. The crew consisted of NASA astronauts, i.e.
Kenneth Cockrell (commander), Mark Polansky (pilot), Robert
Curbeam, Marsha Ivens and Thomas Jones (mission specialists).
The Atlantis crew delivered and docked the Laboratory module
Destiny, as well as delivered water, air food supplies and
equipment for the Expedition I crew (ISS-1) to the station.
On February 16 the Atlantis crew performed undocking, and on February
20 successfully landed.
The complex consisting of the Souyz TM-31 manned vehicle,
Russian Service Module Zvezda, Functional Cargo Block Zarya,
U.S. modules Unity and Destiny was formed in orbit. The
Station mass was about 105 t.