Steps of ISS assembly
|| Launch date
|| Station element
||Nov 20, 1998 ||up to now
||The first ISS module FGB Zarya
||Dec 4, 1998 ||Dec 16, 1998
||The second ISS module NODE-1 (Unity), pressurized mating adapters ÐÌÀ-1, ÐÌÀ-2
||May 27, 1999 ||June 6, 1999
|| Atlantis STS-101
||May 19, 2000 ||May 29, 2000 ||
ISS deployment started with the November 20, 1998, launch
on a Russian Proton launch vehicle of the Functional and Cargo Module
(FGB) Zarya, which was also built in Russia.
November 20, 1998.
The Functional and Cargo Module is put into orbit.
December 4, 1998 saw the launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour, mission STS-88, with US module NODE-1 (Unity) on board (Flight 2A in
the ISS program). The flight crew consisted of R. Cabana, commander,
F. Sturckow, N. Currie, J. Ross, J. Newman, and
a Russian cosmonaut S. Krikalev. On December 7, Endeavor docked
with FGB, picked up NODE-1 with its remote manipulator arm and berthed
it to the Russian module. The Endeavor crew performed, both inside and
outside FGB, installation of the early communications hardware and some
repairs. On December 13, the crew performed undocking, and on December 16
the Orbiter landed.
December 7, 1998.
The first US module NODE-1 docked with the Functional and Cargo
The first crew of the
International Space Station
The flight crew after landing
Cosmonaut of S.P. Korolev RSC Energia,
On May 27, 1999, Space Shuttle Discovery was launched on STS-96 mission (Flight 2A.1 in the ISS program). The flight crew consisted of K. Rominger, commander, R. Husband, J. Payetee, T. Jernigan,
E. Ochoa, D. Barry and a Russian cosmonaut V. Tokarev.
On May 29 Discovery docked with the FGB + NODE-1 stack.
The crew transferred cargo to the space station, did maintenance work
on FGB, installed a transmitter on NODE-1 and a corrective mask on one
of the targets outside FGB, transferred and installed on the adapter
section a cargo boom operator post and an adapter for its attachment
that had been delivered on the Shuttle. On June 4, the crew performed
undocking, and on June 6 the Orbiter landed.
On May 19, 2000, Space Shuttle Atlantis was launched on
STS-101 mission (Flight 2A.2a in the ISS program). The flight crew consisted
of J. Halsell, commander, S. Horowitz, S. Helms, J. Voss,
M.E. Weber, J. Williams, and a Russian cosmonaut Yu. Usachev.
On May 21 Discovery docked with the FGB + NODE-1 stack.
The crew conducted repairs on FGB and installed a cargo boom, handrails,
and a TV cable on the outer surface of the space station. The Shuttle
Orbiter engines were used to reboost the ISS orbit On May 27 the
crew performed undocking, and on May 29 the Orbiter landed.