In 1994 the enterprise was given its current name. Earlier it had been known as Department 3 SKB NII-88, Special Design Bureau-1 (OKB-1); Central Design Bureau of Experimental Machinebuilding (TsKBEM), Scientific-Production Association (NPO) Energia.
In the mid - 40s - early 50s of the 20th century the enterprice created the pioneer national different ballistic missiles - from mobile land-use tactical complexes to submarine ballistic missiles and strategic intercontinental thermonuclear weapon vehicles. Also the enterprise developed 14 strategic missile complexes, the 11 of which had gone into service and had been put into full-scale production to other plants, including the complexes of the pioneer liquid- and solid-propellant rockets (with high-temperature and low-temperature liquid-propellant components). The first space rocket Ð-7 has been until the present time one of the world's most reliable rockets. Those project provided background for further development of the national rocket armament.
Since early 1950s the company has been initiating work and was the leader in virtually all the fields of space flight technology. Geophysical rockets (1951-1960, 1964-1975), the first artificial satellite of Earth (1957) and the first space launch vehicle of the R-7 type (Sputnik), which put it into orbit, the first manned mission into space, accomplished by the citizen of our country Y.A.Gagarin (1961), manned spacecraft Vostok (1960-1963), Voskhod (1964-1966), the first automatic probes launched to the Moon and planets of the Solar system – Venus and Mars (1959-1969), the first satellites for scientific research (since 1957), surveillance satellites of the Zenit type (1962), Molniya-1 communications satellites (1965), the first soft landing on the Moon (1966) – all of these were built and accomplished by our team headed by the Chief Designer S.P. Korolev. Also developed were other projects (manned lunar systems L1, L3, super-heavy launch vehicle N1, multi-purpose orbital complex, Martian manned complex).
In subsequent years the company played a leading role in the development of:
- orbital stations Salyut (1971), Salyut 4 (1974-1977), Salyut 6 (1977-1982), Salyut 7 (1982-1991) and multi-modular space station Mir (1986-2001), which became the first International research center in space where Euromir, Mir-Shuttle and Mir-NASA projects were carried out; the Russian Segment of the International Space Station (since 1998);
- manned spacecraft Soyuz (1966 -1981), Soyuz T (1979-1986), Soyuz TM (1986-2002) , Soyuz TMA (2002-2012), Soyuz TMA-M (2010-2016), Soyuz MS (since 2016);
- cargo spacecraft Progress (1978-1990), Progress M (1989-2009), Progress Ì1 (2000-2004), Progress M-M (2008-2015), Progress MS (since 2015);
- reusable space system Energia-Buran with the world’s largest launch vehicle Energia (1987), which is still technologically unparalleled in the world to this day, and with the reusable Orbiter Buran (1988);
- orbital space observatory Gamma for astrophysical and geophysical research (1990-1992);
- new-generation communication satellites Yamal-100 (1999-2011), Yamal-200 (since 2003);
- Earth Remote Sensing (ERS) satellite BelKA (2006);
- an ERS space system for a foreign customer (2014-2015), etc.
The enterprise took an active part in international space programs: "Soyuz-Apollo", "Intercosmos".