Russian

History of Manned Flights

Orbital Complex Mir

Spaceflight chronology


Abbreviations
SC - Spacecraft; SV - Space Vehicle
OS - Orbital Station; PC - Prime Crew; VC - Visiting Crew
Launch dates are given in standard Moscow time.

No Spacecraft Crew, Cargo Flight Dates and Duration Remarks
Crew SC
61 Soyuz ТM-18 Viktor
Mikhailovich
AFANASYEV
Yuri
Vladimirovich
USACHEV

Valery
Vladimirovich
POLYAKOV
08 Jan 1994 -
09 Jul 1994
182 days
00 h 27 min



08 Jan 1994 -
22 Mar 1995
437 days
17 h 58 min
08 Jan 1994 -
09 Jul 1994
182 days
00 h 27 min
PC-15






PC-15, PC-16, PC-17;
return aboard
Soyuz TM-20
62 Progress M-21 Automatic
cargo
of 2385 kg
  28 Jan 1994 -
23 Mar 1994
53 days
03 h 48 min
 
  Discovery
STS-60
(USA)
Charles BOLDEN
Kenneth
REIGHTLER
Franklin
CHANG-DIAZ
Jan DEVIS
Ronald SEGA
Sergei
Konstantinovich
KRIKALEV
(Russia)
03 Feb 1994 -
11 Feb 1994
8 days
07 h 09 min
03 Feb 1994 -
11 Feb 1994
8 days
07 h 09 min
Flight under
the Mir-Shuttle
program, US vehicle
autonomous flight
with participation
of Russian cosmonaut,
joint operations with
the Mir OS were
not planned
therefore a series
number was not
assigned
to this launch.
63   Progress M-22 Automatic
cargo
of 2363 kg
  22 Mar 1994 -
23 May 1994
61 days
23 h 58 min
 
64 Progress M-23 Automatic
cargo
of 2207 kg
  22 May 1994 -
02 Jul 1994
41 days
10 h 38 min
Capsule returned
cargo of 57 kg
65 Soyuz TM-19 Yuri
Ivanovich
MALENCHENKO
Talgat
Amangeldievich
MUSABAEV
01 Jul 1994 -
04 Nov 1994
125 days
22 h 53 min
01 Jul 1994 -
04 Nov 1994
125 days
22 h 53 min
PC-16 and
under
Polyot M-1
program
(Kazakhstan)
66 Progress M-24 Automatic
cargo
of 2355 kg
  25 Aug 1994 -
05 Oct 1994
60 days
08 h 05 min
First docking
in the remote
control mode
(on third attempt)
on Sept. 02.
67 Soyuz TM-20 Alexander
Stepanovich
VIKTORENKO
Elena
Vladimirovna
KONDAKOVA

Ulf
MERBOLD
(ESA, Germany)
04 Oct 1994 -
22 Mar 1995
169 days
05 h 21 min



04 Oct 1994 -
04 Nov 1994
31 days
12 h 36 min
04 Oct 1994 -
22 Mar 1995
169 days
05 h 21 min
PC-17






VC under the Euromir program, return aboard Soyuz TM-19
68 Progress M-25 Automatic
cargo
of 2380 kg
  11 Nov 1994 -
16 Feb 1995
97 days
09 h 30 min
 
69 Discovery
STS-63
(USA)
James
WETHERBEE
Eileen COLLINS
Bernard
HARRIS
Michael FOALE
Jeniss VOSS
Vladimir
Georgievich
TITOV
(Russia)
03 Feb 1995 -
11 Feb 1995
8 days
06 h 28 min
03 Feb 1995 -
11 Feb 1995
8 days
06 h 28 min
Flight under
the Mir-Shuttle program,
fly-around of the
Mir OS and approach
to a distance
of 11 m
(docking was
not planned)
70 Progress M-26 Automatic
cargo
of 2388.1 kg
  15 Feb 1995 -
15 Mar 1995
27 days
13 h 27 min
 
71 Soyuz TM-21 Vladimir
Nikolaevich
DEZHUROV
Gennady
Mikhailovich
STREKALOV
Norman
THAGARD
(USA)
14 Mar 1995 -
07 Jul 1995
115 days
08 h 43 min
including
110 days
03 h 24 min
aboard
Mir OS
14 Mar 1995 -
11 Sep 1995
181 days
00 h 41 min
PC-18
and under the
Mir-Shuttle program,
return aboard
Atlantis STS-71
(USA)
72   Progress M-27 Automatic
cargo
of 2390 kg
  09 Apr 1995 -
23 May 1995
43 days
07 h 54 min
 
73 Spektr   20 May 1995 -
23 Mar 2001
2134 days
02 h 27 min
Research module,
delivery of cargo
of 6650 kg
74 Atlantis STS-71
(USA)
Robert
GIBSON
Charles
PRECOURT
Helen
BAKER
Gregory
HARBAUGH
Bonnie
DUNBAR

Anatoly
Yakovlevich
SOLOVYOV
Nikolai
Mikhailovich
BUDARIN
(Russia)
27 Jun 1995 -
07 Jul 1995
9 days
19 h 22 min
As a part of
Mir-Atlantis
complex
4 days
21 h 55 min


27 Jun 1995 -
11 Sep 1995
75 days
11 h 20 min
27 Jun 1995 -
07 Jul 1995
9 days
19 h 22 min
As a part of
Mir-Atlantis
complex
4 days
21 h 55 min
VC under
the Mir-Shuttle
program,
delivery of
cargo of 787 kg,
returned
cargo of 447 kg.




PC-19;
return aboard
Soyuz TM-21
75 Progress M-28 Automatic
cargo
of 2379.5 kg
  20 Jul 1995 -
04 Sep 1995
46 days
06 h 30 min
 
76 Soyuz TM-22 Yuri
Pavlovich
GIDZENKO
Sergei
Vasilyevich
AVDEYEV
Thomas REITER
(Germany)
03 Sep 1995 -
29 Feb 1996
179 days
01 h 42 min
03 Sep 1995 -
29 Feb 1996
179 days
01 h 42 min
PC-20
and under
EuroMir-95 program
77 Progress M-29 Automatic
cargo
of 2382.4 kg
  08 Oct 1995 -
19 Dec 1995
71 days
21 h 24 min
 
78 Atlantis STS-74
(USA)
Kennet
CAMERON
James
HALSELL
Jerry ROSS William
McARTHUR
Kris HADFIELD
(Canada)
12 Nov 1995 -
20 Nov 1995
8 days
04 h 31 min
As a part
of Mir-Atlantis
complex
3 days
01 h 48 min
12 Nov 1995 -
20 Nov 1995
8 days
04 h 31 min
As a part
of Mir-Atlantis
complex
3 days
01 h 48 min
VC under
the Mir-NASA program;
delivery of cargo
of 4958 kg
(including a docking
assembly and
2 solar arrays),
returned cargo
of 352.8 kg
79 Progress M-30 Automatic
cargo
of 2325 kg
  18 Dec 1995 -
22 Feb 1996
66 days
00 h 26 min
 
80 Soyuz ТM-23 Yuri
Ivanovich
ONUFRIENKO
Yuri
Vladimirovich
USACHEV
21 Feb 1996 -
02 Sep 1996
193 days
19 h 08 min
21 Feb 1996 -
02 Sep 1996
193 days
19 h 08 min
PC-21
81 Atlantis STS-76
(USA)
Kevin
CHILTON
Richard
SEAFROSS
Ronald
SEGA
Michael
CLIFFORD
Linda
GODWIN

Shannon LUCID
22 Mar 1996 -
31 Mar 1996
9 days
05 h 17 min
As a part
of Mir-Atlantis
complex
4 days
22 h 34 min


22 Mar 1996 -
26 Sep 1996
188 days
04 h 00 min
including
183 days
23 h 00 min
aboard Mir OS
22 Mar 1996 -
31 Mar 1996
9 days
05 h 17 min
As a part
of Mir-Atlantis
complex
4 days
22 h 34 min
VC under
the Mir-NASA program;
delivery of cargo
of 2077.6 kg,
returned cargo
of 469.4 kg





PC under
the Mir-NASA program;
return aboard
Atlantis STS-79
82 Priroda   23 April 1996 -
23 Mar 2001
1794 days
18 h 11 min
Research module
83 Progress M-31 Automatic
cargo
of 2410.2 kg
  05 May 1996 -
01 Aug 1996
88 days
13 h 29 min
 
84 Progress M-32 Automatic
cargo
of 2407.8 kg
  31 Jul 1996 -
21 Nov 1996
112 days
03 h 33 min
Start on Aug. 01, 1996; summer time,
Aug.18 - Sept. 03 1996
autonomous flight
85 Soyuz TM-24 Valery
Grigoryevich
KORZUN
Alexander
Yurievich
KALERI

Claudie
ANDRE-DESHAUS (France)
17 Aug 1996 -
02 Mar 1997
196 days
17 h 26 min



17 Aug 1996 -
02 Sep 1996
15 days
18 h 24 min
17 Aug 1996 -
02 Mar 1997
196 days
17 h 26 min
PC-22






VC under
the Kassiopeya program;
return aboard
Soyuz TM-23
86 Atlantis STS-79
(USA)
William
READDY
Terrence
WILCUTT
Jerome APT
Thomas
AKERS
Carl WALZ


John BLAKHA
16 Sep 1996 -
26 Sep 1996
10 days
03 h 18 min
As a part
of Mir-Atlantis
complex
4 days
22 h 29 min
16 Aug 1996 -
22 Jan 1997
128 days
05 h 28 min
including
122 days
23 h 01 min
aboard Mir OS
16 Sep 1996 -
26 Sep 1996
10 days
03 h 18 min
As a part
of Mir-Atlantis
complex
4 days
22 h 29 min
VC under
the Mir-NASA program;
delivery of a cargo
of 12456.7 kg,
returned cargo
of 1090.4 kg




PC under
the Mir-NASA program;
return aboard
Atlantis STS-81
87 Progress M-33 Automatic
cargo
of 2462 kg
  20 Nov 1996 -
12 Mar 1997
112 days
04 h 03 min
 

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