Russian

History of Manned Flights

Orbital Complex Mir

Spaceflight chronology


Abbreviations
SC - Spacecraft; SV - Space Vehicle
OS - Orbital Station; PC - Prime Crew; VC - Visiting Crew
Launch dates are given in standard Moscow time.

No Spacecraft Crew, Cargo Flight Dates and Duration Remarks
Crew SC
32 Soyuz TM-9 Anatoly
Yakovlevich
SOLOVIEV
Alexander
Nikolaevich
BALANDIN
11 Feb 1990 -
09 Aug 1990
179 days
01 hrs 19 min
11 Feb 1990 -
09 Aug 1990
179 days
01 hrs 19 min
PC-6
33 Progress M-3 Automatic
cargo
of 2643 kg
  01 Mar 1990 -
28 Apr 1990
58 days
01 hrs 42 min
 
34 Progress-42 Automatic
cargo
of 2409 kg
  06 May 1990 -
27 May 1990
21 days
15 hrs 43 min
 
35 Kristall   31 May 1990 -
23 Mar 2001
3948 days
19 h 27 min
Docking-Service Module;
cargo of 1965 kg
was delivered
36 Soyuz TM-10 Gennady
Mikhailovich
MANAKOV
Gennady
Mikhailovich
STREKALOV

01 Aug 1990 -
10 Dec 1990
130 days
20 hrs 36 min

01 Aug 1990 -
10 Dec 1990
130 days
20 hrs 36 min
PC-7
37 Progress M-4 Automatic
cargo
of 2689 kg
  15 Aug 1990 -
20 Sep 1990
36 days
07 hrs 41 min
 
38 Progress M-5 Automatic
cargo
of 2594 kg
  27 Sep 1990 -
28 Nov 1990
62 days
01 hr 27 min
Recovery
Ballistic Capsule Test
39 Soyuz TM-11 Viktor
Mikhailovich
AFANASIEV
Musa
Khiromanovich
MANAROV
Toyohiro
AKIYAMA
(Japan)
02 Dec 1990 -
26 May 1991
175 days
01 hr 52 min



02 Dec 1990 -
10 Dec 1990
7 days
21 hrs 55 min
02 Dec 1990 -
26 May 1991
175 days
01 hr 52 min
PC-8






TBS journalist in VC;
Return on
Soyuz TM-10
40 Progress M-6 Automatic
cargo
of 2546 kg
  14 Jan 1991 -
15 Mar 1991
60 days
03 h 17 min
 
41 Progress M-7 Automatic
cargo
of 2542 kg
  19 Mar 1991 -
07 May1991
49 days
04 h 02 min
 
42 Soyuz TM-12 Anatoly
Pavlovich
ARTSEBARSKY


Sergei
Konstantinovich
KRIKALEV


Helen
SHARMEN
(Great Britain)
18 May 1991 -
10 Oct 1991
144 days
15 h 22 min

18 May 1991 -
25 Mar 1992
311 days
20 h 01 min
18 May 1991 -
26 May 1991
7 days
21 h 15 min
18 May 1991 -
10 Oct 1991
144 days
15 h 22 min
PC-9




PC-9, PC-10,
return aboard
Soyuz TM-13


VC under
the Juno program,
return aboard
Soyuz TM-11
43 Progress M-8 Automatic
cargo
of 2693 kg
  30 May 1991 -
16 Aug 1991
76 days
22 h 30 min
 
44 Progress M-9 Automatic
cargo
of 2730 kg
  21 Aug 1991 -
30 Sep 1991
40 days
09 h 24 min
Capsule returned
cargo of 59 kg
45 Soyuz TM-13 Alexander
Alexandrovich
VOLKOV


Toktar
Ongarbaevich
AUBAKIROV
Franz
FEEBOECK
(Austria)
02 Oct 1991 -
25 Mar 1992
175 days
02 h 51 min

02 Oct 1991 -
10 Oct 1991
7 days
22 h 12 min
02 Oct 1991 -
25 Mar 1992
175 days
02 h 51 min
PC-10




VC under the
Kazakhstan and Austromir
programs, return aboard
Soyuz TM-12
46 Progress M-10 Automatic
cargo
of 2623 kg
  17 Oct 1991 -
20 Jan 1992
95 days
12 h 01 min
Capsule returned
cargo of 59 kg
47 Progress M-11 Automatic
cargo
of 2576 kg
  25 Jan 1991 -
13 Mar 1991
48 days
07 h 57 min
 
48 Soyuz ТM-14 Alexander
Stepanovich
VIKTORENKO
Alexander
Yurievich
KALERI

Claus-Dietrich
FLADE
(Germany)
17 Mar 1992 -
10 Aug 1992
145 days
14 h 11 min



17 Mar 1992 -
25 Mar 1992
7 days
21 h 57 min
17 Mar 1992 -
10 Aug 1992
145 days
14 h 11 min
PC-11






VC under
the Mir-92 program,
return aboard
Soyuz TM-13
49 Progress M-12 Automatic
cargo
of 2748.5 kg
  20 Apr 1992 -
28 Jun 1992
69 days
02 h 33 min
 
50 Progress M-13 Automatic
cargo
of 2752 kg
  30 Jun 1992 -
24 Jul 1992
23 days
15 h 20 min
 
51 Soyuz TM-15 Anatoly
Yakovlevich
SOLOVYOV
Sergei
Vasilyevich
AVDEYEV

Michel
TONINI
(France)
27 Jul 1992 -
01 Feb 1993
188 days
21 h 39 min



27 Jul 1992 -
10 Aug 1992
13 days
18 h 56 min
27 Jul 1992 -
01 Feb 1993
188 days
21 h 39 min
PC-12






VC under
the Antares program,
return aboard
Soyuz TM-14
52 Progress M-14 Automatic
cargo
of 2532 kg
  16 Aug 1992 -
22 Oct 1992
67 days
00 h 50 min
Capsule returned
cargo of 57 kg
53 Progress M-15 Automatic
cargo
of 2558 kg
  27 Oct 1992 -
07 Feb 1993
102 days
13 h 23 min
After undocking
on February 04, 1993,
the Znamya-2 experiment
was performed on
deployment of a frameless
thin-film reflector
of 20 m in diameter
54 Soyuz ТM-16 Gennady
Mikhailovich
MANAKOV
Alexander
Fedorovich
POLESHCHUK
24 Jan 1993 -
22 Jul 1993
179 days
00 h 44 min
24 Jan 1993 -
22 Jul 1993
179 days
00 h 44 min
PC-13;
the only vehicle
of Soyuz TM-series
equipped with an
androgynous periphery
docking assembly
55 Progress M-16 Automatic
cargo
of 2598 kg
  21 Feb 1993 -
27 Mar 1993
33 days
16 h 53 min
 
56 Progress M-17 Automatic
cargo
of 2603.5 kg
  31 Mar 1993 -
03 Mar 1994
336 days
23 h 54 min
Autonomous flight
during
11 Aug 1993 - 03 Mar 1994
in view of a propellant
deficit for braking;
life tests
57 Progress M-18 Automatic
cargo
of 2192 kg
  22 May 1993 -
04 Jul 1993
43 days
10 h 23 min
Capsule returned
cargo of 25 kg
58 Soyuz TM-17 Vasily
Vasilyevich
TSYBLIEV
Alexander
Alexandrovich
SEREBROV

Jean-Pierre
HAIGNERE
(France)
01 Jul 1993 -
14 Jan 1994
196 days
17 h 46 min



01 Jul 1993 -
22 Jul 1993
20 days
16 h 09 min
01 Jul 1993 -
14 Jan 1994
196 days
17 h 46 min
PC-14,
after undocking on Jan.14, 1994 a collision with the Mir OS during
fly-around (contact)

VC under
the Altair program,
return aboard
Soyuz TM-16
59 Progress M-19 Automatic
cargo
of 2248.5 kg
  11 Aug 1993 -
13 Oct 1993
63 days
01 h 58 min
Capsule returned
cargo of 57 kg
60 Progress M-20 Automatic
cargo
of 2209.5 kg
  12 Oct 1993 -
21 Nov 1993
40 days
11 h 30 min
Capsule returned
cargo of 60 kg

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