Russian

History of Manned Flights

Orbital Complex Mir

Spaceflight chronology


Abbreviations
SC - Spacecraft; SV - Space Vehicle
OS - Orbital Station; PC - Prime Crew; VC - Visiting Crew
Launch dates are given in standard Moscow time.

No Spacecraft Crew, Cargo Flight Dates and Duration Remarks
Crew SC
1 Core Module   20 Feb 1986 -
23 Mar 2001
5510 days
08 h 32 min
 
2 Soyuz T-15 Leonid
Denisovich
KIZIM
Vladimir
Alexeevich
SOLOVIEV
13 Mar 1986 -
16 Jul 1986
125 days
00 hr 01 min
13 Mar 1986 -
16 Jul 1986
125 days
00 h 01 min
PC-1 Orbit transfer to
Salyut-7 OS
(05-06 May 1986)
and back to Mir
OS (25-26 Jun 1986)
3 Progress-25 Automatic
cargo
of 2482 kg
  19 Mar 1986 -
21 Apr 1986
32 days
15 h 52 min
 
4   Progress-26 Automatic
cargo
of 2405 kg
  23 Apr 1986 -
23 Jun 1986
60 days
22 h 47 min
 
5 Soyuz TM Unmanned   21 May 1986 -
30 May 1986
8 days
20 h 56 min
 
6 Progress-27 Automatic
cargo
of 2406 kg
  16 Jan 1987 -
25 Feb 1987
40 days
10 h 47 min
 
7 Soyuz TM-2 Yuri
Viktorovich
ROMANENKO


Alexander
Ivanovich
LAVEIKIN
06 Feb 1987 -
29 Dec 1987
326 days
11 hrs 38 min

06 Feb 1987 -
30 Jul 1987
174 days
03 hrs 26 min
06 Feb 1987 -
30 Jul 1987
174 days
03 h 26 min
PC-2;
return on
Soyuz TM-3


PC-2;
returned by medical
board decision before
the program complete
8 Progress-28 Automatic
cargo
of 2084 kg
  03 Mar 1987 -
28 Mar 1987
24 days
16 h 35 min
 
9 Kvant   31 Mar 1987 -
23 Mar 2001
5106 days
05 h 54 min
Astrophysical Module;
a cargo of 576 kg
was delivered
10 Progress-29 Automatic
cargo
of 2227 kg
  21 Apr 1987 -
11 May 1987
19 days
16 h 15 min
 
11 Progress-30   Automatic
cargo
of 1856 kg
  19 May 1987 -
19 Jul 1987
61 days
01 h 40 min
 
12 Soyuz TM-3  Alexander
Stepanovich
VIKTORENKO


Alexander
Pavlovich
ALEXANDROV


Mohammed
Ahmed
FARIS
22 Jul 1987 -
30 Jul 1987
7 days
23 hrs 05 min

22 Jul 1987 -
29 Dec 1987
160 days
07 hrs 17 min

22 Jul 1987 -
30 Jul 1987
7 days
23 hrs 05 min
22 Jul 1987 -
29 Dec 1987
160 days
07 h 17 min
VC under
USSR/Syria;
return on
Soyuz TM-2

PC-2
(to rotate
A.I. Laveikin)


VC under
USSR/Syria;
return on
Soyuz TM-2
13 Progress-31 Automatic
cargo
of 2441 kg
  04 Aug 1987 -
23 Sep 1987
50 days
04 h 18 min
 
14 Progress-32   Automatic
cargo
of 2341 kg
  24 Sep 1987 -
19 Nov 1987
56 days
01 h 14 min
 
15 Progress-33 Automatic
cargo
of 2082 kg
  21 Nov 1987 -
19 Dec 1987
27 days
13 h 49 min
 
16 Soyuz TM-4  Vladimir
Georgievich
TITOV
Musa
Khiramanovich
MANAROV

Anatoly
Semenovich
LEVCHENKO
21 Dec 1987 -
21 Dec 1988
365 days
22 hrs 40 min



21 Dec 1987 -
29 Dec 1987
7 days
21 hrs 58 min
21 Dec 1987 -
17 Jun 1988
178 days
22 h 54 min
PC-3;
return on
Soyuz TM-6
   



VC under
BURAN Program;
return on Soyuz TM-3
17 Progress-34 Automatic
cargo
of 2324 kg
  21 Jan 1988 -
04 Mar 1988
43 days
08 hrs 38 min
 
18 Progress-35 Automatic
cargo
of 2283 kg
  24 Mar 1988 -
05 May 1988
42 days
09 hrs 54 min
 
19 Progress-36 Automatic
cargo
of 2357 kg
  13 May 1988 -
06 Jun 1988
23 days
20 hrs 48 min
 
20   Soyuz TM-5 Anatoly
Yakovlevich
SOLOVIEV
Viktor
Petrovich
SAVINYHK
Alexander
ALEXANDROV
(Bulgaria)
07 Jun 1988 -
17 Jun 1988
9 days
20 hrs 10 min
07 Jun 1988 -
07 Sep 1988
91 days
10 hrs 46 min
VC under
USSR/Bulgaria
Program;
return on
Soyuz TM-4
21 Progress-37 Automatic
cargo
of 2305 kg
  19 Jul 1988 -
12 Aug 1988
24 days
16 hrs 33 min
 
22 Soyuz TM-6 Vladimir
Afanasievich
LYAKHOV


Valery
Vladimirovich
POLYAKOV


Abdul
Ahad
MOHMAND
(Afganistan)
29 Aug 1988 -
07 Sep 1988
8 days
20 hrs 27 min

29 Aug 1988 -
27 Apr 1989
240 days
22 hrs 35 min
29 Aug 1988 -
07 Sep 1988
8 days
20 hrs 27 min
29 Aug 1988 -
21 Dec 1988
114 days
05 hrs 33 min
VC under
Shamshad Program;
return on
Soyuz TM-5
PC-3 (continued),
PC-4;
return on
Soyuz TM-7

VC under
Shamshad Program;
return on
Soyuz TM-5
23 Progress-38 Automatic
cargo
of 2282 kg
  10 Sep 1988 -
23 Nov 1988
74 days
18 hrs 33 min
 
24 Soyuz TM-7 Alexander
Alexandrovich
VOLKOV
Sergei
Konstantinovich
KRIKALEV

Jean-Loup
CRETIEN
(France)
26 Nov 1988 -
27 Apr 1989
151 days
11 hrs 08 min



26 Nov 1988 -
21 Dec 1988
24 days
18 hrs 07 min
26 Nov 1988 -
27 Apr 1989
151 days
11 hrs 08 min
PC-4






VC under
Aragats Program;
return on
Soyuz TM-6
25 Progress-39 Automatic
cargo
of 2282 kg
  25 Dec 1988 -
07 Feb 1989
44 days
09 hrs 37 min
 
26 Progress-40 Automatic
cargo
of 1993 kg
  10 Feb 1989 -
05 Mar 1989
22 days
07 h 34 min
After undocking on
March 3, 1989
Crab experiment, i.e.
deployment of two
ring structures
(20 m in diameter) with a shape memory effect
27 Progress-41 Automatic
cargo
of 2238 kg
  16 Mar 1989 -
25 Apr 1989
39 days
18 h 17 min
 
28 Progress M Automatic
cargo
of 2682 kg
  23 Aug 1989 -
01 Dec 1989
100 days
08 h 11 min
 
29 Soyuz TM-8 Alexander
Stepanovich
VIKTORENKO
Alexander
Alexandrovich
SEREBROV
06 Sep 1989 -
19 Feb 1990
166 days
06 hrs 58 min
06 Sep 1989 -
19 Feb 1990
166 days
06 h 58 min
PC-5
30 Kvant-2   26 Nov 1989 -
23 Mar 2001
4134 days
16 h 59 min
Resupply Module;
cargo of 1596 kg
was delivered
31 Progress M-2 Automatic
cargo
of 2726 kg
  20 Dec 1989 -
09 Feb 1990
51 days
04 h 25 min
 

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