Russian

Brief History of Rocket & Space Technology Development in OKB1 - TSKBEM - NPO Energia - S.P. Korolev RSC Energia


1946 - 1959    1959 - 1966    1967 - 1982    1986 - 1998    1998 - 2019

December 7, 1998
Docking of the US module NODE-1 (Unity) with the Zarya functional cargo module (Russia).

March 28, 1999
Demonstration start of the Zenith-3SL launch vehicle under the Sea Launch program. DM-SL upper stage inserted Demosat SC mockup into a target orbit.

September 6, 1999
Launch into a target orbit of the Yamal-100 communication satellite possessing improved technical characteristics. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia restarted its activity in development of communication satellites on new technical basis and other automatic space vehicles on their basis.

October 10, 1999
The first commercial start of the Zenith 3SL launch vehicle under the Sea Launch program. DM-SL upper stage inserted Direct-TV satellite into a target orbit.

February 1, 2000
Launch of the first updated logistics vehicle-tanker Progress M1 carrying 8 propellant tanks.

July 12, 2000
Flight of the Zvezda Service Module as the key component of the ISS was initiated.

July 26, 2000
Docking of the Russian Zvezda Service Module with the stack configuration involving Zarya Functional Cargo Block and the US Unity Module took place.

November 2, 2000
The ISS started operating in a permanently manned mode: the first Prime Crew members arrived at the station by the Soyuz TM-31 space vehicle launched on October 31, 2000.

February 20, 2001
A 15-year anniversary of the Mir manned orbital station was marked

March 23, 2001
The Mir Orbital Station, the largest and heaviest (more than 130 tons by mass) artificial space object of complex configuration in the history of cosmonautics, has completed its flight as a result of its deorbiting to a pre-set area of Pacific ocean.

April 30 - May 6, 2001
Staying onboard the ISS of the first Russian Visiting Crew (VC-1) involving the Russian cosmonauts T.Musabayev, Yu.Baturin and the US citizen Dennis Tito as a space tourist, which was launched on April 28, 2001 by the Soyuz TM-32 vehicle and provided a scheduled replacement of the Soyuz TM-31 space vehicle used for the crew return to Earth.

September 15-17, 2001
Progress M-CO1 cargo vehicle was launched and its docking with the ISS was performed. A new Russian module – Pirs docking module – was delivered to the station.

October 30, 2002
Soyuz TMA-I manned vehicle of a new modification with the fourth visiting expedition crew (VE-4) consisting of S.V. Zaletin (commander), Yu.V. Lonchakov (pilot-2, flight engineer), ESA astronaut F. De Winne (Belgium) was launched.

November 24, 2003
Two Russian Yamal-200 telecommunication satellites were put into GEO, which represented a more powerful modification of Yamal-series spacecraft.

April 24, 2008
The integrated launch vehicle Zenit-3SLB was launched for the first time under the Land Launch program. Upper stage Block DM-SL - a new modification of Block DM upper stage - put AMOS-3 spacecraft into its target orbit.

November 26, 2008
The first cargo transportation spacecraft Progress M-01M was launched, representing a new spacecraft series with some of its on-board systems upgraded.

November 12, 2009
Mini Research Module №2 (MRM2) Poisk is introduced into the International Space Station Russian Segment.

May 18, 2010
Mini Research Module №1 (MRM1) Rassvet is introduced into the International Space Station Russian Segment.

October 8, 2010
The Soyuz TMA-M manned transport vehicle of a new series was launched, representing a new spacecraft series with some of its on-board systems upgraded.

April 16, 2014
The launch of an optoelectronic observation satellite for a foreign customer was carried out.

November 2, 2015
The Russian Segment of the International Space Station passed the milestone of 15 years of continuous operation in manned mode.

December 21, 2015
The launch of the first transportation spacecraft in the new series Progress MS which was developed as a result of a radical upgrade of Progress M-M and Soyuz TMA-M series spacecraft.

December 7, 2016
The launch of the first crew transportation spacecraft in the new series Soyuz MS which was developed as a result of a radical upgrade of Progress M-M and Soyuz TMA-M series spacecraft.

Docking of the US module NODE-1 (Unity) with the Zarya functional cargo module (Russia) Demonstration start of the Zenith-3SL launch vehicle under the Sea Launch program The Yamal-100 communication satellite

Flight of the Zvezda Service Module Zvezda-Zarya-Unity Soyuz TM-31 crew Mir orbital station  Mir orbital station deorbiting Soyuz TM-32 crew  CO1 Module Pirs SC Soyuz TMA-1 Yamal-200 telecommunication satellites LV Zenit-3SLB launch CV Progress M-O1 launch

Mini Research Module №2 Poisk Mini Research Module №1 Rassvet

1946 - 1959    1959 - 1966    1967 - 1982    1986 - 1998    1998 - 2017

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