Russian

Brief History of Rocket & Space Technology Development in OKB1 - TSKBEM - NPO Energia - S.P. Korolev RSC Energia


1946 - 1959    1959 - 1966    1967 - 1982    1986 - 1998    1998 - 2019

March 10, 1967
The first launch of a vehicle under the L1 program.

April 23, 1967
Launch of Soyuz-1 spacecraft with cosmonaut V.M.Komarov aboard.

October 30, 1967
World first automatic docking and undocking of Soyuz-type unmanned spacecraft (Cosmos-186 - Cosmos-188).

September 14-18, 1968
World first flight of the Zond-5 automatic space station along the Earth-Moon-Earth trajectory which following Moon fly-around returned to Earth at the escape velocity.

January 16, 1969
Docking of Soyuz-4 and Soyuz-5 manned spacecraft. Cosmonauts transfer from one spacecraft to another through open space. Formation of the first experimental orbital station of 12924 kg mass.

1961 - 1974
Activities on development of the H1 modular multi-purpose launch vehicle and L3 Moon complex under the Moon program. February 21, 1969 - Start of light tests of the H1-L3 complex. The program was closed because of frustration of the complex development terms and four (of four) failed launches.

April 19 - October 11, 1971
Flight of the Salyut first long-duration orbital station. One crew worked at the station.

June 6-30, 1971
The Soyuz-11 spacecraft that docked to the Salyut orbital station is in orbit. Beginning of the Salyut manned flight (22 days).

December 26, 1974 - February 3, 1977
Flight of the Salyut-4 long-duration orbital station. Two crews worked aboard it.

July 15, 1975
Start of the Soyuz-19 vehicle that docked with the US Apollo vehicle on July 17, 1975. The first experimental flight of the space complex consisting of vehicles of two countries under the Soyuz-Apollo program.

1976
Start of activities on development of the Energia universal rocket & space transport system and Buran orbital vehicle.

September 29, 1977 - July 29, 1982
Flight of the Salyut-6 long-duration orbital station of the second generation with two docking assemblies. Five prime crews and eleven visiting crews worked on this station.

December 10, 1977
Launch of the Soyuz-26 spacecraft that docked with the Salyut-6 orbital station. Start of Salyut-6 manned operation.

January 20, 1978
The first launch of the Progress automatic transport cargo vehicle. The first delivery of cargo to the Salyut-6 station by the Progress vehicle.

March 2-10, 1978
The Soyuz-28 vehicle with the first international crew is in orbit. Docking with the Salyut-6 station.

December 16, 1979 - March 26, 1980
The first automatic flight of the Soyuz-T vehicle. Docking with the Salyut-6 orbital station, flight of the Salyut-6/Soyuz-T complex for 100 days.

June 5, 1980
Start of the Soyuz T-2 manned vehicle. Docking with the Salyut-6 orbital station.

April 19, 1982 - February 7, 1991
Flight of the Salyut-7 long-duration orbital station. Four prime crews and five visiting crews worked aboard the station.

The Zond-5 automatic space station Launch of the H1 multi-purpose vehicle The first experimental flight of the space complex consisting of vehicles of two countries under the Soyuz-Apollo program The Soyuz-26 spacecraft with the Salyut-6 orbital station The first Progress automatic transport cargo vehicle The Salyut-7 long-duration orbital station

1946 - 1959    1959 - 1966    1967 - 1982    1986 - 1998    1998 - 2017

News Archive

July  2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31