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Roman Anisimovich Turkov
(1901 - 1975)

Roman Anisimovich Turkov

Born in Bakhan village of Bykhov district, Mogilev region. Graduated from Leningrad Institute of Technology, manufacturing engineer (1929).
1954-1956 - deputy head of department at Special Design Bureau No.1 (OKB-1), deputy chief designer of OKB-1 for manufacturing (Kaliningrad, Moscow region).
1956-1966 - director of Plant 88, First Deputy Head of OKB-1.
He was in charge of preproduction, manufacturing and factory tests of rockets R-7 and upper stages E, I, L for them, R-9 rockets, first artificial Earth satellites, first scientific satellites Elektron, first interplanetary probes for missions to the Moon, Venus, Mars, our country's first communication satellites Molniya-1, our country's long-range solid-propellant ballistic rockets RT-1, RT-2, spacecraft Vostok, Voskhod, Soyuz. He was in charge of pre-production, manufacturing and factory tests of launch vehicle N1 and its orbital module at the initial phase of the activities.
Hero of Socialist Labor (1961). He is the holder of the orders of the Red Banner of Labor (1941), of Lenin (1944, 1957, 1961), of Patriotic War, I Class (1945), of medals For Defense of Leningrad (1945), For Valorous Labor During Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. (1946).

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