OF ROCKET & SPACE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
OKB1 - TSKBEM - NPO ENERGIA - S.P.KOROLEV RSC ENERGIA
May 3, 1946
Decree of the Government on establishment of a series
of NII, KB, test organizations, factories to develop,
manufacture and test long-range ballistic missiles (LRBM)
the chief designer of which S.P. Korolev was appointed.
October 18, 1947 The first successful launch of rocket A-4
assembled from assemblies and units of German rocket
V-2 in the Soviet Union. Flight test of rocket A-4 were
completed in the same year.
1948 The first launch of the first native ballistic
missile R-1. The missile has nearly covered the design
range but went off course because of off-nominal operation
of the control system.
October 10, 1948 The first successful launch of native ballistic
missile R-1. Flight tests of the first series of R-1
were completed in the same year.
April 21, 1949 The first (of six) launch of geophysical
missile R-1A. The missile injected two instrument containers
to an altitude up to 100 km that separated from it and
performed parachute landing.
1949 Launch of missile R-2E. Experimental verification
of new missile R-2 systems.