about the Soyuz TMA-7 Manned Spacecraft Launch
to the International Space Station

October 1, 2005. Baikonur Cosmodrom.

The Russian manned transport spacecraft Soyuz TMA-7, developed and manufactured by S.P.Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, has been launched to the International Space Station (ISS) from the Launch Pad No.1 of the Baikonur launch site.
The launch of the integrated launch vehicle Soyuz-FG carrying Soyuz TMA-7 was accomplished at 07:54:53 Moscow Daylight Saving Time.
The launch is aimed at the delivery of the Expedition Twelve (ISS-12) crew to the ISS and scheduled rotation of the Expedition Eleven (ISS-11) crew and changeover of Soyuz TMA-6 spacecraft, which had been operating within the orbital station as a crew rescue vehicle since April 17, 2005.
Soyuz TMA-7 carries on board a Russian cosmonaut, colonel in the Russian Air Force, Valeri Tokarev (spacecraft commander; flight engineer of ISS-12), a NASA astronaut from the Johnson Space Center, William McArthur (spacecraft flight engineer, commander of ISS-12) and a spaceflight participant, a citizen of the United States, Gregory Olsen.
The ISS-12 crew is assigned with a task to support functionality of the ISS Orbital Complex throughout 182 days, implement the program of science and application research under the Expedition 12 and Visiting Crew 9 (VC 9) programs and commercial contracts, conduct extravehicular activities. The crew will have to perform operations for undocking of Soyuz TMA-6, Progress M-54, docking and undocking Soyuz TMA-7 spacecraft and U.S. Space Shuttles on returning to their flights to the station, docking, unloading and joint handling of Progress M-55 onboard the station, docking of Soyuz TMA-8 spacecraft. G. Olsen will work in orbit under the VC-9 program for ten days and return to the Earth by Soyuz TMA-6 spacecraft together with the ISS-11 crew.
The spacecraft is inserted into a near-earth orbit with parameters: the inclination of 51.65, minimum altitude of 201.32 km, maximum altitude of 250.32 km, period of 88.71 min.
The ISS-11 crew consisting of a Russian cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev (commander), and U.S. astronaut John Phillips (flight-engineer) performed required operations to prepare the orbital complex for docking.
The spacecraft docking is scheduled for October 3, 2005. The estimated time of a contact with the Pirs docking module of the ISS is approximately 09:32.
The decision on the launch of the Soyuz-FG/Soyuz TMA-7 was made by the State Board (co-chairmen of the State Board are N.F. Moiseev, Deputy Director of Roskosmos, and V.A. Grin, Deputy General Director of TsNII of Machine-Building) based on the statement on the readiness of the complex and ground infrastructure components involved in the ISS program implementation made by the Technical Management chaired by N.N. Sevastyanov, RSC Energia President, General Designer for Manned Space Complexes and Technical Manager of Flight Tests.
The manned spacecraft processing and launch were conducted under a technical management of N.I. Zelenschikov, First Vice-President, First Deputy General Designer of RSC Energia.
During the final prelaunch operations, launch and spacecraft insertion into a near-earth orbit the Baikonur launch site was attended by A.N.Perminov, Director of the Federal Space Agency (Roskosmos), M. Griffin, NASA Administrator and W. Gerstenmaier, NASA Associate Administrator, N.F. Moiseev and V.A. Grin, co-chairmen of the State Board, A.B. Krasnov, Head of Piloted Programs Department of Roskosmos, V.V.Tsibliev, Director of Yu.A. Gagarin CTC RGNII, responsible representatives of Roskosmos, NASA, S.P. Korolev RSC Energia, allied space enterprises and organizations, participating in the realization of the ISS Project.
The progress of prelaunch processing and launch were observed by the deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of RF, representatives of foreign space agencies, business circles of Russia and Kazakhstan, as well as leading Russian and foreign information agencies and TV companies.
The spacecraft and ISS Russian Segment flight is commanded by the Lead Operational Control Team working in the Moscow Mission Control Center (The Flight Director is V.A. Soloviev, Vice-President of S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Deputy General Designer, Pilot-Cosmonaut).
The launch of Soyuz TMA-7 spacecraft is the 11th launch covered by the Russian obligations under the ISS program and the 117th launch from the beginning of operation of the Soyuz spacecraft (1966), developed and being manufactured by RSC Energia in cooperation with space enterprises.





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