CPCF-2 CGF SPC MIMETIK-K ESCD VITAMIN D RHOSIGNAL RAMIROS MESSAGE MESSAGE-2 GCF-B PROMISS PROMISS-2 PROMISS-3 BIODEGRADATION CONJUGATION MSK KAF VAKTSINA-K BIOEKOLOGIA INTERLEUKIN-K SAMPLE BIOEMULSIA GLIDOPROTEID DNARM SMEK NIP BIOTREK ANTIGEN LACTOLEN ARIL OChB ASTROVAKCINA ZHENSHEN-2 CIS MIS PCS PCG KASKAD BIF BACTERIOPHAGE STRUKTURA KONSTANTA CG

 
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INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION
EXPERIMENTS AND RESEARCHES
SCIENCE RESEARCH ON ISS RUSSIAN SEGMENT
BIOTECHNOLOGICAL EXPERIMENT
ESCD EXPERIMENT
Originator of the space experiment: University of Stellenbosch,
Republic of South Africa

russian
   

ESCD experiment is included in the scientific program of South African cosmonaut Mark Shuttleworth and is a constituent part of the Russian Program for Implementation of Scientific and Technological Research Planned for the Fourth Manned Expedition ISS-4.


SCIENTIFIC EQUIPMENT USED:

  • BioTherm incubator made by Cryologic (Australia) with a biological materials insert;
    for actively thermostatting the biological materials at a temperature of 38.5.

  • Glovebox
    for accommodating inside it the incubator and an accessories box for the duration of the experiment in space flight environment.
  • Thermal insulation container CPCF-2 made by Astrium (Germany)
    to provide a thermally controlled storage environment for the biological materials insert during its transportation from orbit;
  • Accessories kit
    - syringes;
    - needles;
    - waste container;
    - adapter with power cord;
    - battery (a spare).

SUPPORT EQUIPMENT:

  • Camera NIKON F5.

CONSUMABLES:

  • 35-mm film.
 

THE OBJECTIVE:

A study of embryonic and stem cell development in zero-gravity environment.

THE TASKS:

  • growing cultures of mammalian embryos (mice and sheep) in the incubator in zero gravity;
  • growing stem (undifferentiated) cells in incubator in zero gravity;
  • growing body (tissue) cells in incubator in zero gravity;
  • comparing cells that were experimentally grown in zero gravity with those grown in an incubator (in vitro) on the ground and in test animals (in vivo).

EXPECTED RESULTS:

An evaluation of space flight factors impact on the viability and development of embryonic and stem cells outside an animal's body (in vitro) in order to obtain an in-depth knowledge of how these cells develop inside an animal's body (in vivo) and the level of effects produced by gravity.

 

 

 

 

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