SPRUT-MBI PARODONT CARDIO-ODNT MASS TRANSFER PROGNOS BRADOS FARMA POLIGEN DIUREZ CARDIOSCIENCE COGNI EAC AQUARIUS BIOTEST BIOTEST-1 PROFILAKTIKA CHIRO VEST ALTEINO BMI CCE PULSE BIORISK RASTENIA-2 CARDIOCOG NEUROCOG SYMPATHO VIRUS SLEEP PILOT INTERCELLULAR INTERACTION GEMATOLOGIA AGEING ROOT GENEEXPRESSION SYMPATHO-2 BMI-2 MEDOPS PLASMIDA FLOW KAPPA ACTIN ICE-FIRST TUBUL CIRCA SYMPATHO-3 MUSCLE EYE TRACKING DEVICE MOTION PERCEPTION SUIT STATOKONIA REGENERATSIA CRISP-2 BEANS SEEDLINGS FRTL-5 MICROSPACE VINO HPA NGF VSV ETD-I FTS MOP-I HBM GOAL AKVARIUM GOSUM PNEUMOCARD DYKHANIE BIMS RASTENIA SONOKARD ETD-M FIS VZAIMODEYSTVIYE MUSCLE-G MOP-G RASTENIA TIPOLOGIA

 
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INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION
EXPERIMENTS AND RESEARCHES

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ON THE RUSSIAN SEGMENT
HUMAN LIFE RESEARCH
PNEUMOCARD EXPERIMENT

russian
   

USED SCIENCE HARDWARE:

Pneumocard set consisting of
  • Pneumocard device
  • Pneumocard belt with a cable
  • Pneumocard-PTG sensor
  • Pneumocard-FPG sensor
  • Pneumocard CD
  • Cover
USED ONBOARD HARDWARE:
  • Laptop RSE-MED;
  • Sphymanomanometer Tensoplus for manual blood pressure measurement.

CONSUMABLES:

  • Pneumocard-KRM Kit, consisting of:
    - ECG electrodes;
    - Disinfecting wipes;
    - Ziplock bags
  • Pneumocard-Data, consisting of:
    - Pneumocard-Data PCMCIA card
    - Cover

 

PURPOSE:

Acquiring new scientific information to refine the understanding about the mechanisms of adapting the cardiorespiratory system and the whole organism to space flight conditions.

OBJECTIVE:

  • Integrated study of a cardiovascular system of astronauts in various phases of a long-duration mission in order to clarify the adaptation mechanisms and phases and determine diagnostic criteria for individual assessment of the organism adaptation to zero-gravity conditions;
  • Study of the synchronization of heart activity and breathing factors, as well as the cardiorespiratory system control processes based on variability rate of physiological parameters;
  • Study of interconnection between the cardiorespiratory system during a long-duration mission and tolerance of orthostatic and physical activities at the beginning of readaptation for predicting possible reactions of the crewmembers organism during the their return to ground.

EXPECTED RESULTS:

The as-built hardware-software facility will allow to acquire information necessary for early determination of disturbances in the physiological function regulation system, that is very important for predicting a functional status of cosmonauts and scientifically justified regulation of loads.

EXPERIMENT RESULTS:

The following physiological data will be recorded during the experiment:

  • Electrocardiogram;
  • Impedance cardiogram;
  • Low-frequency phonocardiogram (seismocardiogram);
  • Pneumotachogram (using nose temperature sensors)
  • Finger photopletismogram.

All physiological data will be recorded on the PCMCIA card, which will be downloaded upon completion of the increment.

 


Four kits with ten seeds Astronium fraxinifolium in each are used in the experiment. Two kits shall be exposed in the light, the rest shall be exposed in the dark. The seeds germinate at the temperatures from +20 to +30°C and at a low concentration of oxygen (3%). Activation of the germination process is performed through seeds wetting using the enclosed syringe with water.
To determine the germination rate and germ phenotype, photography by onboard camera is used.
Laptop is used for the following processing of digital photos and their preparation for downlink.

 

 

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