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Memorable date. 83rd anniversary of Yuri GagarinMarch 9, 2017
March 9, 2017 marks the 83rd anniversary of the first cosmonaut of our planet Yuri Alexeevich Gagarin, the first man to see Earth from space with his own eyes! His flight changed the history of humankind and opened to people the road into space.
Yuri spent his childhood in Klushino in Gzhatsk (now Gagarin) district of Smolensk region, RSFSR. In 1941 Gagarin went to the 1st grade of secondary school, but because of the war he could only resume his studies as late as 1943. Then for three years he studied at vocational school No.10 in Lyubertsy, Moscow region, learning the trade of moulder/foundryman.
In 1957 he graduated from the K.Y. Voroshilov 1st Chkalov Military Aviation School of Pilots in Orenburg specializing as fighter pilot. In late 1950s, a selection process began among young fighter pilots to recruit a group to be trained to use ‘new technology’. At that time nobody was yet openly speaking about missions into space, and that was why they were referring to spacecraft as ‘new technology’.
On December 9, 1959, Gagarin wrote a request to enroll him in the team of candidate cosmonauts, and as soon as a week later he was summoned to Moscow for a comprehensive medical checkup at the Central Research Aviation Hospital. On March 7, 1960, Yuri Gagarin, among 12 young pilots, was put on the roll of the first cosmonaut corps. And in January 1961 he started training for the first manned flight onboard Vostok spacecraft along with Valeri Bykovsky, Grigori Nelyubov, Andrian Nikolaev, Pavel Popovich and Gherman Titov.
On April 12, 1961, the spacecraft Vostok with the world’s first pilot-cosmonaut onboard – Yuri Gagaring - lifted off from the Baikonur launch site. For this heroic deed he was awarded the title of the Hero of Soviet Union. Later the day of Gagarin’s space mission was declared a holiday — Day of Cosmonautics.
Yuri Gagarin having returned to Earth became known to literally everyone on Earth. Space ‘blew the minds’ of people all over the world. The stardom never went to Gagarin's head – he remained just ‘one of the boys’ to all those who knew him, worked and were friends with him. Gagarin’s trademark ‘sunny’ smile for more than half a century now, ever since the first space mission of April 12, 1961, has been shining its light onto the humankind’s road to the far-away cold stars.
The first Citizen of the Universe lived with us on Earth for only 34 years and 18 days. On the morning of March 27, 1968 the life of the Hero of the Soviet Union Yuri Gagarin was cut short – an airplane MiG-15UTI, which he was flying under supervision of an experienced instructor, commander of a training air force regimen Vladimir Seregin, crashed during a training flight...
The people of Earth will always remember and honor the heroic feat of Yuri Gagarin, the first man to conquer space.
ROSCOSMOS Press Service