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Aleksandr Yurievich KALERI

Instructor/Test Cosmonaut
S.P. Korolev RSC Energia, Russia

DATA AND PLACE OF BIRTH: May 13, 1956, Yurmala, Latvian SSR (Latvia).
Farther - Kaleri, Yuri Borisovich, b. 1917-1993.
Mother - Kaleri (Arefieva), Antonina Petrovna, b. 1917.

EDUCATION:
In 1979, graduated from Moscow Physics and Technology Institute (MFTI), Dolgoprudny, Moscow region, as a specialist in Aircraft Flight Dynamics and Control and in 1983 - post-graduate study at MFTI as a specialist in the following field: Mechanics of Fluids and Plasma.

FAMILY STATUS: married.
Wife: Kaleri (Nosova), Svetlana Leonidovna, b. 1958
Son: Oleg Aleksandrovich Kaleri, born in 1996.

AWARDS AND TITLES: Hero of Russian Federation, Pilot-Cosmonaut of Russian Federation. He was awarded the medal of the Gold Star of the Hero of Russian Federation, orders of Distinguished Service to Motherland of the 2nd and 3rd degrees, as well as Space Flight and Public Service medals from NASA. Holds the order of the Legion of Honor (France, 1997).

HOBBY: trampolining, jogging, book reading, growing flowers.

WORK EXPERIENCE:
Worked as an engineer at S.P.Korolev RSC Energia Design Bureau since 1979. Participated in development of design and engineering documentation, full-scale tests of the Mir Orbital Station. Studied loads. A very skillful programmer.
In 1984 he was enlisted in the NPO Energia cosmonaut corps.
During a period from November 1985 through October 1986 took a course of basic cosmonaut training at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center.
On November 28, 1986, by a decision of Interdepartmental Qualification Commission, he was given the qualification of Test Cosmonaut. His flight time is 22 hours by trainer aircraft L-39. He made 14 parachute jumps.
In 1987-1992 he was trained in a team under Mir mission program.
In April-May 1987 he was trained as a flight engineer of the third (backup) crew of Soyuz TM-4 under the program of the expedition crew (EC-3) to the Mir Orbital Station, together with V. Lyakhov.
In May 1987 he replaced S. Yemelianov within the backup crew of Soyuz TM-4, and from May to December 1987 he was trained as a flight engineer in the backup crew together with A. Volkov and A. Shchukin.
On December 21, 1987 he was a backup for flight engineer of Soyuz TM-4 M. Manarov.
In January-March 1988 he was trained as a flight engineer of Soyuz TM-7 under the program of EC-4/"Aragats" to Mir, together with A. Volkov and J.-L. Cretien (France).
In May-November 1990 he was trained as a flight engineer of a backup (the third) crew of Soyuz TM-11 under the program of EC-8 to Mir together with A. Volkov.
In January-April 1991 he was trained as a flight engineer of the backup crew of Soyuz TM-12 under the program of EC-9/"Juno" to Mir together with A. Volkov and T. Mace (Great Britain).
On May 18, 1991, he was a backup for the flight engineer of Soyuz TM-12, S. Krikalev.
In May-July 1991 he trained as a flight engineer of the expedition crew of Soyuz TM-13 under the program of EC-10/"Austromir" to Mir, together with A. Volkov and F. Feeboeck (Austria).
In October 1991 - February 1992 he was trained as a flight engineer of the expedition crew of Soyuz TM-14 under the program of EC-11/Mir-92 to Mir, together with A. Victorenko and C.-D. Flade (Germany).
He flew his first space mission on March 17 - August 10, 1992, as a flight engineer of Soyuz TM-14 and Mir under the program of EC-11, Russian-German program Mir-92 and Russian - French program Antares, together with A. Victorenko and C.-D. Flade (Germany). He returned to Earth together with A. Victorenko and M. Tognini (France). In the course of the mission he performed one spacewalk lasting 2 hours 03 minutes. The mission duration was 145 days 14 hr 10 min 33 s.
October 1995 through July 1996 he trained as a flight engineer of Soyuz TM-24 backup crew under the program of EC-22/NASA-3 and Russian-French program Cassiopeia to Mir, together with V. Korzun, L. Eyharts (France), J. Lininger (USA).
On August 12, 1996, in connection with G. Manakov - commander of the Soyuz TM-24 expedition crew - falling ill, by a decision of the State Commission V. Korzun and A. Kaleri were assigned to the expedition crew of Soyuz TM-24 to replace G. Manakov and P. Vinogradov, respectively.
He flew his second space mission August 17, 1996 through March 2, 1997 as a flight engineer of Soyuz TM-24 and Mir space station under the program of EC-22/NASA-3/Cassiopeia, together with V. Korzun, C. Andre-Deshaus.
He worked with the crews of EC-21 and EC-23, as well as with the crews of two visiting expeditions of the Atlantis Orbiter under STS-79 and STS-81programs. He worked under Mir-Shuttle program together with US astronauts S. Lucid, J. Blakha, J. Linenger and German cosmonaut R. Evald under Mir-97 program. During the mission he performed two space walks with an overall duration of 12 hours 36 minutes. The mission duration was 196 days 17 hr 26 min 13 s.
December 1997 through July 1998 he was trained as a flight engineer of the second crew under the program of EC-26 to Mir, together with S. Zaletin and (since May 6, 1998) with O. Kotov.
On August 13, 1998 he was a backup for Soyuz TM-28 flight engineer S. Avdeev. Over the period of March 1999 through March 2000 he was training as a flight engineer of the expedition crew (EC-28), together with S. Zaletin and actor V. Steklov (since January 2000).
He flew his third space mission from April 4 through June 2000 as a flight engineer of Soyuz TM-30 and Mir under the program of EC-28 together with S. Zaletin. During the mission he made one space walk lasting 5 hours 03 minutes. The mission duration was 72 days 19 hr 42 min 16 s.
From January 2001 to April 2002 he was in training for a space flight as the ISS-5 backup crew commander.
From September 2002 to February 2003 he trained as a flight engineer of the ISS-7 expedition crew.
From February to April 2003 he was in training as a commander of the ISS-7 backup crew.
Since June 2003 he is training for a space mission as a flight engineer of the ISS-8 expedition crew and Soyuz TMA TSC commander.

April 2003
By the data presented by Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center and reference book The Soviet and Russian Cosmonauts, 1960-2000.